“It is only revealed to me that your god is but one God”: Imam al-Shinqitee

In a work of his devoted to clarifying supposed contradictions in the Qur’an, sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee mentioned the following in part of his discussion of surah al-Anbiyah:

وَقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: قُلْ إِنَّمَا يُوحَى إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَهَلْ أَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ [21 \ 108] . ـ

Allah’s statement:

قُلْ إِنَّمَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

Say, “It is only revealed to me that your god is but one God; so will you be those who submit to Him?” [21:108]

عَبَّرَ فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ الْكَرِيمَةِ بِلَفْظِ: «إِنَّمَا» وَهِيَ تَدُلُّ عَلَى الْحَصْرِ عِنْدَ الْجُمْهُورِ، وَعَلَيْهِ فَهِيَ تَدُلُّ عَلَى حَصْرِ الْوَحْيِ فِي تَوْحِيدِ الْأُلُوهِيَّةِ. ـ

In this noble ayah, Allah uses the wording of “innama” which indicates a restriction [i.e. “it is only revealed to me…”] according to the majority opinion. So according to that position, this would seem to indicate that the divine revelation is restricted the matter of Tawheed al-‘Uloohiyyah – singling out Allah alone for deification and worship.

وَقَدْ جَاءَتْ آيَاتٌ أُخَرُ تَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّهُ أَوْحي إِلَيْهِ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ كَقَوْلِهِ: قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِنَ الْجِنِّ الْآيَةَ [72] ، وَقَوْلِهِ: تِلْكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهَا إِلَيْكَ [11 \ 49] ، وَقَوْلِهِ: نَحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ أَحْسَنَ الْقَصَصِ بِمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْآيَةَ [12 \ 3] . ـ

However, a number of other ayaat have come which show other things being revealed to him, such as Allah’s statement:

قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْآنًا عَجَبًا

Say, [O Muhammad], “It has been revealed to me that a group of the jinn listened and said, ‘Indeed, we have heard an amazing Qur’an” [72:1]

or His statement

تِلْكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهَا إِلَيْكَ

That is part of the news of the Unseen which We have revealed to you [11:49]

or His statement:

نَحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ أَحْسَنَ الْقَصَصِ بِمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ هَـٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ وَإِن كُنتَ مِن قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الْغَافِلِينَ

We relate to you, [O Muhammad], the best of stories in what We have revealed to you of this Qur’an although you were, before it, among the unaware. [12:3]

وَالْجَوَابُ أَنَّ حَصْرَ الْوَحْيِ فِي تَوْحِيدِ الْأُلُوهِيَّةِ حَصْرٌ لَهُ فِي أَصْلِهِ الْأَعْظَمِ الَّذِي يَرْجِعُ إِلَيْهِ جَمِيعُ الْفُرُوعِ، لِأَنَّ شَرَائِعَ كُلِّ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ دَاخِلَةٌ فِي ضِمْنِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ، لِأَنَّ مَعْنَاهَا خَلْعُ كُلِّ الْأَنْدَادِ سِوَى اللَّهِ فِي جَمِيعِ أَنْوَاعِ الْعِبَادَاتِ، وَإِفْرَادُ اللَّهِ بِجَمِيعِ أَنْوَاعِ الْعِبَادَاتِ، فَيَدْخُلُ فِي ذَلِكَ جَمِيعُ الْأَوَامِرِ وَالنَّوَاهِي الْقَوْلِيَّةِ وَالْفِعْلِيَّةِ وَالِاعْتِقَادِيَّةِ. ـ

and the reconciliation is that the restriction of the divine revelation to the subject of Tawheed al-‘Uloohiyyah is a restriction of the divine revelation in terms of its primary foundation around which all of its secondary parts revolve. For all of the divine legislations of all the prophets included “laa ilaaha illallaah” – there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah – for its meaning is the eradication of any and every counterpart to Allah in all acts of worship and singling Allah out in every form of worship. So this includes all of the commands and prohibitions, whether they be in terms of speech, action, or belief.

[Daf’u Eehaam pg. 156-167. See also Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan 2/170]

To read more excerpts from this same work, click here.

See also: Supposed Contradictions in the Qur’an: ibn ‘Uthaymeen

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