Regularly Reciting Specific Surahs: al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah

The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fataawaa of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah) received the following question:

س : أنا شاب ملتزم بقراءة سورتي الواقعة والحديد بعد أن قرأت أحاديث تذكر أن لهما فضلاً عظيمًا، فالأولى تقي وتدفع الفقر، والثانية تجلب صلاة وسلام الملائكة على قارئها، فهل علي حرج في هذا الالتزام؟ ـ

Question: I am a young person who regularly recites surah al-Waaqi’ah and surah al-Hadeed ever since I read some ahaadeeth mentioning their great virtues, that the former protects against and fends off poverty while the latter brings about the supplications of the angels upon the one who recites it. Am I doing anything wrong in regularly reciting these?

ج : قراءة القرآن مشروعة كل وقت، وتخصيص سورة معينة يلتزم الإنسان قراءتها كل ليلة يتوقف على هذا الدليل، فإن وُجد دليل صحيح ينص على قراءتها شرع ذلك، كما في آية الكرسي وسورة الإخلاص والمعوذتين دبر كل صلاة وعند النوم، وتكرار الإخلاص والمعوذتين ثلاث مرات بعد صلاة المغرب والفجر وعند النوم. ـ

Response: Reciting the Qur’an is something that is legislated at all times, but singling out any particular surah as one that a person should routinely recite every night is something that requires a textual evidence for doing so. So if an authentic textual proof indicating that reciting in this manner is found, then that is something legislated – as is the case with reciting ayah al-Kursisurah al-Ikhlaas, and surahs 113 and 114 after every prayer and before sleeping, or reciting surah al-Ikhlaas and surahs 113 and 114 three times after salah al-Maghrib, salah al-Fajr, and before sleeping.

أما ما ذكر في فضل سورتي الواقعة والحديد ، فقد روي: من قرأ سورة الواقعة كل ليلة لم يصبه فاقة أبدًا وهو حديث موضوع روي من طريق أحمد اليمامي عن ابن عباس ، وذكره السيوطي في ( ذيل الأحاديث الموضوعة ) وقال: أحمد اليمامي كذاب. وروي أيضًا من طريق أبي شجاع عن ابن مسعود وهو ضعيف، قال الذهبي : في سنده أبو شجاع نكرة لا يُعرف. ـ

As for what is mentioned regarding the virtues of surah al-Waaqi’ah and surah al-Hadeed, it has been narrated, “Whoever recites surah al-Waaqi’ah every night will not ever be stricken by neediness.” However this is a fabricated hadeeth narration that comes by way of Ahmad al-Yamaami from ibn ‘Abbaas. al-Suyooti mentioned this in his book, “The Tails of Fabricated Ahaadeeth“, and said, “Ahmad al-Yamaami was a habitual liar.” And this report is also narrated by way of Abu Shujaa’who is a weak narrator – from ibn Mas’ood. al-Dhahabi commented on it, saying, “Its chain of narration contains Abu Shujaa’, who is an unknown and rejected narrator.”

أما أن قراءة سورة الحديد تجلب صلاة وسلام الملائكة على قارئها ، فهذا غير صحيح، ولم يثبت في ذلك حديث صحيح عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم. ـ

As for the recitation of surah al-Hadeed being a means to obtain the supplication of angels for the one reciting, this is not authentic nor has that been confirmed in an authentic hadeeth going back to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).

والذي ينبغي للمسلم الإكثار من قراءة القرآن، فإن له بكل حرف حسنة؛ لما روى الترمذي في ( جامعه ) بإسناد صحيح عن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من قرأ حرفًا من القرآن فله به حسنة، والحسنة بعشر أمثالها، لا أقول ( الم ) حرف، ولكن ألف حرف ولام حرف وميم حرف . ـ

What a Muslim ought to do is to recite the Qur’an a great deal, for there is a good deed for him in each letter according to what al-Tirmidhi narrated in his hadeeth collection with a sound chain of narration, that ibn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Whoever recites a single letter from the Qur’an, that is a good deed for him, and a good deed is rewarded tenfold. I am not saying that Alif Lam Meem is a single letter; rather Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter, and Meem is a letter.

وبالله التوفيق، وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم. ـ

Success is from Allah, and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our prophet Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.

 اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإِفتاء
The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fataawaa

عضو                 عضو               عضو                 نائب الرئيس                           الرئيس
بكر أبو زيد     صالح الفوزان     عبد الله بن غديان     عبد العزيز آل الشيخ     عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز

Signed by: Bakr Abu Zayd (member), Saalih al-Fawzan (member), ‘Abdullah ibn Ghudayyaan (member), ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Aal al-Sheikh (Deputy Director of the Committee), and ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdullah bin Baaz (Director)

[al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, Fatwaa #18623, (Vol. 3, pages 113-114). See here.]

See also:Inauthentic Narrations regarding the Virtues of Certain Surahs: Sheikh ibn ‘Uthaymeen

See also: Naseehah to the Qur’an: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan

See also: Differing Levels of Merits for Certain Surahs and Ayaat: al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah

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3 thoughts on “Regularly Reciting Specific Surahs: al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah

  1. Pingback: Inauthentic Narrations regarding the Virtues of Certain Surahs: Sheikh ibn ‘Uthaymeen | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: The Virtues of Surah al-Ikhlaas: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Differing Levels of Merits for Certain Surahs and Ayaat: al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah | Tulayhah

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