The Meaning of “Laylah al-Qadr”: Sheikh ibn ‘Uthaymeen

The term Laylah al-Qadr has been translated into English in a number of different ways, leading to some potential confusion as to the correct and intended  meaning of the word “qadr” in this phrase. In part of his explanation of surah al-Qadr, sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen brought the following clarification of this issue:

وقوله تعالى: {في ليلة القدر} من العلماء من قال: القدر هو الشرف كما يقال (فلان ذو قدر عظيم، أو ذو قدر كبير) أي ذو شرف كبير، ومن العلماء من قال: المراد بالقدر التقدير، لأنه يقدر فيها ما يكون في السنة لقول الله تعالى: {إنا أنزلناه في ليلة مباركة إنا كنا منذرين. فيها يفرق كل أمر حكيم} [الدخان: 3، 4] . أي يفصل ويبين. ـ

Regarding Allah’s statement:

فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

… during Laylah al-Qadr [97:1]

There are some scholars who say that al-qadr means “honor”, just as one might say, “So-and-so has tremendous qadr” or “has considerable qadr” – meaning: considerable honor.

Meanwhile, other scholars say that the meaning of al-qadr here is “apportioning”, because on this night Allah apportions out what will be for the upcoming year, according to Allah’s statement:

 إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ * فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ

Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Verily, We are ever warning * Every affair is firmly apportioned on that night [44:3-4]

meaning: they are determined and given expression.

والصحيح أنه شامل للمعنيين، فليلة القدر لا شك أنها ذات قدر عظيم، وشرف كبير، وأنه يقدر فيها ما يكون في تلك السنة من الإحياء والإماتة والأرزاق وغير ذلك. ـ

And what is correct is that both of these meanings can apply. For there is no doubt that Laylah al-Qadr has great merit and considerable honor, and also that it is the night during which the affairs of the upcoming year are apportioned – including life, death, provisions, and other issues.

[Tafsir al-Thameen li’l-‘Allaamah al’-Uthaymeen 14/528]

See also: The wisdom of not disclosing the date of Laylatu’l-Qadr: Imam al-Baghawi

See also: The date of Laylatu’l-Qadr being unknown – “Perhaps that is better for you”: Ibn Kathir

See also: al-Qaḍaaʼ and al-Qadr: al-Raghib al-Isfahani

See also: Allah’s commendations for those who pray during the night

Advertisements

3 thoughts on “The Meaning of “Laylah al-Qadr”: Sheikh ibn ‘Uthaymeen

  1. Pingback: The date of Laylatu’l-Qadr being unknown – “Perhaps that is better for you”: Ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: The wisdom of not disclosing the date of Laylatu’l-Qadr: Imam al-Baghawi | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: The Blessed Night is Laylah al-Qadr, not the Middle of Sha’baan | Tulayhah

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s