“If you support Allah, He will support you”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee mentions the following in his tafsir of surah Muhammad:

قوله تعالى : يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن تنصروا الله ينصركم ويثبت أقدامكم . ذكر الله – جل وعلا – في هذه الآية الكريمة أن المؤمنين ، إن نصروا ربهم ، نصرهم على أعدائهم ، وثبت أقدامهم ، أي عصمهم من الفرار والهزيمة . ـ

Allah’s statement:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِن تَنصُرُوا اللَّـهَ يَنصُرْكُمْ وَيُثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَكُمْ

O you who have believed, if you support Allah, He will support you and plant your feet firmly. [47:7]

In this noble ayah, Allah mentioned that if the believers support their Lord, then He will support them against their enemies and make their feet firm – meaning He will protect them from fleeing or defeat.

وقد أوضح هذا المعنى في آيات كثيرة ، وبين في بعضها صفات الذين وعدهم بهذا النصر كقوله تعالى : ولينصرن الله من ينصره إن الله لقوي عزيز [ 22 \ 40 ] ، ثم بين صفات الموعودين بهذا النصر في قوله تعالى بعده : الذين إن مكناهم في الأرض أقاموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة وأمروا بالمعروف ونهوا عن المنكر ولله عاقبة الأمور [ 22 \ 41 ] ، وكقوله تعالى : وكان حقا علينا نصر المؤمنين [ 30 \ 47 ] ، وقوله تعالى : إنا لننصر رسلنا والذين آمنوا في الحياة الدنيا [ 40 \ 51 ] ، وقوله تعالى : ولقد سبقت كلمتنا لعبادنا المرسلين إنهم لهم المنصورون وإن جندنا لهم الغالبون [ 37 \ 171 – 173 ] ، إلى غير ذلك من الآيات . ـ

Allah has made this meaning clear and listed some of the characteristics of those to whom He has promised this support in a number of other ayaat, such as in His statement:

وَلَيَنصُرَنَّ اللَّـهُ مَن يَنصُرُهُ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَقَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ

And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. [22:40]

He then clarified the attributes of those whom He had promised this aid to in His very next statement:

الَّذِينَ إِن مَّكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَمَرُوا بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَوْا عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۗ وَلِلَّـهِ عَاقِبَةُ الْأُمُورِ

Those who, if We give them authority in the land, establish prayer and give zakah and enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong. And to Allah belongs the outcome of [all] matters. [22:41]

And likewise, in His statement:

وَكَانَ حَقًّا عَلَيْنَا نَصْرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

And it was incumbent upon Us to support the believers [30:47]

as well as His statement:

إِنَّا لَنَنصُرُ رُسُلَنَا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا

Indeed, We will support Our messengers and those who believe during the life of this world… [40:51]

and His statement:

وَلَقَدْ سَبَقَتْ كَلِمَتُنَا لِعِبَادِنَا الْمُرْسَلِينَ * إِنَّهُمْ لَهُمُ الْمَنصُورُونَ * وَإِنَّ جُندَنَا لَهُمُ الْغَالِبُونَ

And Our word has already preceded for Our servants, the messengers, * Indeed, they would be those given victory * And indeed, Our soldiers will be those who overcome. [37:171-173]

as well as in other ayaat.

ـ [ ص: 252 ] وقوله تعالى في بيان صفات من وعدهم بالنصر في الآيات المذكورة : الذين إن مكناهم في الأرض أقاموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة وأمروا بالمعروف [ 22 \ 41 ] . ـ

And there was Allah’s statement clarifying the characteristics of those to whom He promised support in the aforementioned ayaat, that:

الَّذِينَ إِن مَّكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَمَرُوا بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَوْا عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ

Those who, if We give them authority in the land, establish prayer and give zakah and enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong. [22:41]

يدل على أن الذين لا يقيمون الصلاة ، ولا يؤتون الزكاة ، ولا يأمرون بالمعروف ، ولا ينهون عن المنكر ، ليس لهم وعد من الله بالنصر البتة . ـ

And this indicates that those who do not establish the prayer or give zakah, nor do they enjoin what is right or forbid what is wrong, then they certainly do not have a promise of Allah’s aid.

فمثلهم كمثل الأجير الذي لم يعمل لمستأجره شيئا ، ثم جاءه يطلب منه الأجرة . ـ

For such people are like a hired worker who did not do any of work he was hired to do but then comes asking for his wages.

فالذين يرتكبون جميع المعاصي ممن يتسمون باسم المسلمين ، ثم يقولون : إن الله سينصرنا – مغررون ; لأنهم ليسوا من حزب الله الموعودين بنصره كما لا يخفى . ـ

For those people who bear the title of “Muslims” while committing all forms of disobedience but then say, “Allah will aid and support us!” – they are deluded. For they are not part of the party of Allah which has been promised His support, as is plain for anyone to see.

ومعنى نصر المؤمنين لله – نصرهم لدينه ولكتابه ، وسعيهم وجهادهم في أن تكون كلمته هي العليا ، وأن تقام حدوده في أرضه ، وتمتثل أوامره وتجتنب نواهيه ، ويحكم في عباده بما أنزل على رسوله – صلى الله عليه وسلم .

And the meaning of the believers’ support towards Allah is their supporting of His deen and His Book, and their striving and exertion to make His Word ascendant and to establish His guidelines across His earth, and their compliance with His commandments and avoidance of what He has prohibited, and their carrying out the rulings among His slaves in accordance with what He revealed to His Messenger (ﷺ).

[Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan 7/252-253]

See also: The purpose of Allah’s creation: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: The Rewards of Obedience, and the Different Categories of People in Respects to that: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: “O our Lord, do not make us a trial for the wrongdoing people”: Tafsir ibn Kathir

See also: “…Until they change what is within themselves”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: “Say, ‘If you love Allah, then follow me’”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

15 thoughts on ““If you support Allah, He will support you”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

  1. Pingback: “O our Lord, do not make us a trial for the wrongdoing people”: Tafsir ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Beware of Opposing the Prophet’s Command: Tafsir ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: The Rewards of Obedience, and the Different Categories of People in Respects to that: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  4. Tulayhah ya Akhi first of all Jazakallah khair for these translations man. Cannot thank you enough.

    Second could you please post the last ayah of Surah ath-takathur. Will really appreciate you taking your time out. As I always think if we don’t do shukr are we gonna be punished for it.

    • Wa iyyaak. Alhamdulillaah, we are just trying to accurately convey the explanations of guiding scholars. We ask Allah to make our efforts a source of benefit for us and for others, and to forgive us of our mistakes and shortcomings.

      Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di briefly commented on that ayah by writing:

      [ثم لتسألن يومئذ عن النعيم الذي تنعمتم به في دار الدنيا، هل قمتم بشكره، وأديتم حق الله فيه، ولم تستعينوا به، على معاصيه، فينعمكم نعيما أعلى منه وأفضل. أم اغتررتم به، ولم تقوموا بشكره؟ بل ربما استعنتم به على المعاصي فيعاقبكم على ذلك، قال تعالى: ويوم يعرض الذين كفروا على النار أذهبتم طيباتكم في حياتكم الدنيا واستمتعتم بها فاليوم تجزون عذاب الهون الآية. ـ ]

      “‘Then on that Day you will surely be asked about the blessings’ – about the blessings which you enjoyed in the life of this world: did you respond to them with gratitude, and give Allah His due rights with it, and avoid using these blessings to commit acts of disobedience? If so, then you will be blessed with loftier and better blessings. Or, were you deluded by these blessings and failed to respond to them with gratitude? Worse yet, perhaps you used those blessings to aid you in committing acts of disobedience. In that case you will be punished for that. Allah says ‘And the Day those who disbelieved are exposed to the Fire [it will be said]: You exhausted your pleasures during your worldly life and enjoyed them, so this Day you will be awarded the punishment of humiliation’ [40:20].”

      [Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 1102-1103]

      BaarakAllaahu feek

      • Wa iyyaak. I am sorry that I cannot commit to answering every question that you might have, both because of a lack of knowledge and a lack of time. I have a number of other responsibilities to fulfill, so I hope you will understand.

        However, if you are interested in reliable explanations of the Qur’an, I would recommend purchasing copy of the English translation of Tafsir ibn Kathir published by Dar-us-Salam. This is a wonderful resource for the English-speaking Muslim. I would also encourage you to take the steps to learn Arabic, so that you can begin to consult some of the reliable books of tafsir and also better connect to the guiding scholars. al-Tafsir al-Muyassar is a fine place to start for the beginning Arabic learner. Also, I hope that you can benefit from the material that is already available on this site – perhaps some of your questions are already answered here.

  5. I do have access to ibn Kathir and I also listen to some sheikh’s regarding only some ayahs of Quran.

    I was improving my Arabic but I am an engineering student in China. So….

    InshAllah I will continue with my Arabic.

    But meanwhile I adore Imam Nawawi and found out some passages just safely kept here in your site. I have one or ahadith that I need their explanation for. From Sahih Muslim.

    And yeah explain me at your convenience. Take a day, two days, week a month do your responsibilities and then whenever you get time ya Akhi.

  6. It’s not only me rather I have friends that I share information with especially this other friend of mine he is always unclear about an ayah or two all the time. And you have access to some good books and you are a I am guessing InShAllah a good translator.

  7. I really understand your responsibilities first and then the work it takes. To find the volume find the ayah read it comprehend it translate it check it write it recheck it.

  8. Pingback: Bringing you out from the Darknessess into the Light: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  9. Pingback: “…Until they change what is within themselves”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

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