Only the Creator is Deserving of Worship: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee brought the following discussion in his tafsir of surah al-Ra’d:

قوله تعالى : أم جعلوا لله شركاء خلقوا كخلقه فتشابه الخلق عليهم قل الله خالق كل شيء وهو الواحد القهار . ـ

Allah’s statement:

أَمْ جَعَلُوا لِلَّـهِ شُرَ‌كَاءَ خَلَقُوا كَخَلْقِهِ فَتَشَابَهَ الْخَلْقُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ قُلِ اللَّـهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ الْوَاحِدُ الْقَهَّارُ‌

Or do they assign partners to Allah who create like His creation, and so the creation appears similar to them? Say, “Allah is the Creator of everything; and He is the One, the All-Mighty” [13:16]

أشار تعالى في هذه الآية الكريمة إلى أنه هو المستحق لأن يعبد وحده ; لأنه هو الخالق ولا يستحق من الخلق أن يعبدوه إلا من خلقهم وأبرزهم من العدم إلى الوجود ; لأن المقصود من قوله : أم جعلوا لله شركاء خلقوا كخلقه فتشابه الخلق عليهم [ 13 \ 16 ] إنكار ذلك وأنه هو الخالق وحده بدليل قوله بعده : قل الله خالق كل شيء [ 13 \ 16 ] أي : وخالق كل شيء هو المستحق لأن يعبد وحده ، ويبين هذا المعنى في آيات كثيرة ، كقوله : ياأيها الناس اعبدوا ربكم الذي خلقكم الآية [ 2 \ 21 ] ، وقوله : واتخذوا من دونه آلهة لا يخلقون شيئا وهم يخلقون [ 25 \ 3 ] ، وقوله : أيشركون ما لا يخلق شيئا وهم يخلقون [ 7 \ 191 ] ، وقوله : هذا خلق الله فأروني ماذا خلق الذين من دونه [ 31 \ 11 ] إلى غير ذلك من الآيات ; لأن المخلوق محتاج إلى خالقه فهو عبد مربوب مثلك يجب عليه أن يعبد من خلقه وحده ، كما يجب عليك ذلك ، فأنتما سواء بالنسبة إلى وجوب عبادة الخالق وحده لا شريك له . ـ

In this noble ayah, Allah mentions that He is the only one entitled to be worshiped, for He is the Creator. And there is not anyone or anything which deserves to be worshiped by the creation except for the one who created them and brought them into existence out of nothingness. For the purpose of His statement:

أَمْ جَعَلُوا لِلَّـهِ شُرَ‌كَاءَ خَلَقُوا كَخَلْقِهِ فَتَشَابَهَ الْخَلْقُ عَلَيْهِمْ

Or do they assign partners to Allah who create like His creation, and so the creation appears similar to them?

is repudiating that, and showing that it is He alone who is the Creator. And this is according to the proof is His next statement:

قُلِ اللَّـهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ

Say, “Allah is the Creator of everything”

i.e. only the Creator of everything is entitled to be worshiped. And He has made this meaning clear in many ayaat, such as His statement:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَ‌بَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ

O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you… [2:21]

until the end of the ayah. And His statement:

وَاتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِهِ آلِهَةً لَّا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ

But they have taken besides Him gods which create nothing, and who are themselves created… [25:3]

And His statement:

أَيُشْرِ‌كُونَ مَا لَا يَخْلُقُ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ

Do they associate with Him those who create nothing and they are [themselves] created? [7:191]

And His statement:

هَـٰذَا خَلْقُ اللَّـهِ فَأَرُ‌ونِي مَاذَا خَلَقَ الَّذِينَ مِن دُونِهِ

This is the creation of Allah. So show Me what those other than Him have created [31:11]

as well as other ayaat than these. So every created thing must have a creator, and thus he is a slave who – like you – has a lord over him, and it is binding upon him to only worship the One who created him, just as it is binding upon you to do the same. So both you and he are the same when it comes to this binding obligation to only worship the Creator without associating any partners with Him.

[Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan 2/240]

See also: The Three Categories of Tawheed according to the Qur’an: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: Major Shirk and Minor Shirk: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Tafsir of Surah al-Fatihah: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: The purpose of Allah’s creation: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: Three Proofs for the Resurrection of the Dead: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

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3 thoughts on “Only the Creator is Deserving of Worship: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

  1. Pingback: The Three Categories of Tawheed according to the Qur’an: Imam al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Three Proofs for the Resurrection of the Dead: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Khutbah on the Fundamentals of the Religion: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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