The Means and Objectives of Calling to Allah: Imam al-Sa’di

In part of his small work of miscellaneous benefits derived from the Qur’an, sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di mentioned the following valuable point:

الداعي إلى الله وإلى دينه له طريق ووسيلة إلى مقصوده ، وله مقصودان . فطريقة الدعوة : بالحق إلى الحق للحق فإذا اجتمعت هذه الثلاثة ، بأن كان يدعو بالحق أي بالحكمة والموعظة الحسنة ، والمجادلة بالتي هي أحسن ، وكان يدعو إلى الحق – وهو سبيل الله تعالى وصراطه الموصل لسالكه إلى كرامته – وكان دعوته للحق ، أي : مخلصا لله تعالى ، قاصدا بذلك وجه الله ؛ حصل له أحد المقصودين لا محالة ، وهو : ثواب الداعين إلى الله ، وأجر ورثة الرسل بحسب ما قام به من ذلك ، وأما المقصود الآخر ، وهو حصول هداية الخلق وسلوكهم لسبيل الله الذي دعاهم إليه ؛ فهذا قد يحصل وقد لا يحصل ، فليجتهد الداعي في تكميل الدعوة كما تقدم ، وليستبشر بحصول الأجر والثواب ، وإذا لم يحصل المقصود الثاني – وهو هداية الخلق – أو حصل منهم معارضة أو أذية له بالقول أو بالفعل ؛ فليصبر ويحتسب ، ولا يوجب له ذلك ترك ما ينفعه ، وهو القيام بالدعوة علة وجه الكمال ، ولا يضق صدره بذلك ؛ فتضعف تفسه ، وتحضره الحسرات ، بل يقوم بجدٍ واجتهاد ، ولو حصل ما حصل من معارضة العباد . ـ

There are certain ways and means for the one who calls to Allah and to His religion to achieve his goals, and his goals are twofold.

The methodology of calling to Allah is: with what is right, to what is right, and for what is right. So he calls with what is right – meaning with wisdom, good exhortations, and arguing with what is best -, and he is calling to what is right – which is Allah’s way and straight path which leads those who traverse it unto His ultimate goodness -, and he is calling for what is right, meaning that he is sincere to Allah and doing so while seeking the sake of Allah.

So if these three matters are all in place together, then he will definitely achieve one of his two objectives, the first of which is the reward which is given to those who call to Allah. And that reward is the inheritance of the Messengers, according to the level at which he fulfilled that role.

But as for the second of these two goals – which is that the creation would be guided and that they would traverse the path of Allah which you have been calling them to – then this may or may not actually come to pass. So in light of this, the caller to Allah should exert his efforts in perfecting his call as we have described it above and he should take heart and rejoice in achieving the reward and good recompense for his efforts. And if he is does not achieve this second objective – which is the creation being guided – or if his efforts result in the people turning away from him or abusing him either verbally or physically, then he should be patient and count on his ultimate reward. This situation should not cause him to abandon what ultimately benefits him, i.e. carrying out the call to Allah in an excellent manner, nor should he find himself feeling constricted by this situation such that he would find himself weakened, fatigued and discouraged. On the contrary, he should continue to uphold the call with determination and effort in spite of whatever opposition he may encounter.

وهذا المعنى تضمنه إرشاد الله بقوله تعالى : {  فَلَعَلَّكَ تَارِكٌ بَعْضَ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَضَائِقٌ بِهِ صَدْرُكَ أَن يَقُولُوا لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْهِ كَنزٌ أَوْ جَاءَ مَعَهُ مَلَكٌ ۚ إِنَّمَا أَنتَ نَذِيرٌ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ } [هود 12] فأمره بالقيام به بجدٍ واجتهاد ، ومكملاً لذلك غير تارك لشيء منه ، ولا حرج صدره لأذيتهم ، وهذه وظيفة التي يُطالب بها ؛ فعليه أن يقوم بها ، وأما هداية العباد ومجازاتهم فذلك إلى الله الذي هى على كل شيء وكيل .  ـ

This message is contained in the guidance of Allah found in His statement:

فَلَعَلَّكَ تَارِكٌ بَعْضَ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَضَائِقٌ بِهِ صَدْرُكَ أَن يَقُولُوا لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْهِ كَنزٌ أَوْ جَاءَ مَعَهُ مَلَكٌ ۚ إِنَّمَا أَنتَ نَذِيرٌ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ

Then would you possibly leave out some of what is revealed to you and your breast be constrained by it because they say, “Why hasn’t a treasure been sent down to him or an angel come with him?” But you are only a warner. And Allah is Disposer of all things. [11:12]

For Allah commanded the Prophet to uphold the call with determination and effort, to perfect it by not leaving out any part of the message, and to not let his heart be bothered by their abuses. This was the task which was desired of him, and it was incumbent upon him to fulfill it. As for the the guidance of the people or their final recompense, then that is in the hands of Allah who is the disposer of all things.

[Mawaahib al-Rabbaniyyah min al-Ayaat al-Qur’aniyyah pg. 34-35]

See also: The Story of the Town by the Sea: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The Consequences of Not Forbidding Wrongdoing: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: Exerting Oneself and Galvanizing Others – the Best of Conditions: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: The Three Categories of Tawheed according to the Qur’an: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: The Qur’anic Methods of Calling People of Tawheed: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan

See also: We have made for every prophet an enemy: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The Appropriate Places for Gentleness and for Harshness: Imam al-Sa’di

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5 thoughts on “The Means and Objectives of Calling to Allah: Imam al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: The Story of the Town by the Sea: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: The Consequences of Not Forbidding Wrongdoing: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Exerting Oneself and Galvanizing Others – the Best of Conditions: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: The Principles of al-Salafiyyah in Surah al-Fatihah: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: The Qur’anic Methods of Calling People to Tawheed: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan | Tulayhah

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