Qualities of the Successful Believers – Part 6/7: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

Allah begins surah al-Mu’minoon with 11 ayaat describing the qualities of the successful believers and their ultimate reward. Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee broke his tafsir of these ayaat into seven sections, which we have translated and are in the midst of publishing as a series. For a guide to the different sections, please click here. Sheikh al-Shinqitee continued with the sixth section of his tafsir of the opening of surah al-Mumi’noon as follows:

قوله تعالى : والذين هم على صلواتهم يحافظون ، ذكر – جل وعلا – في هذه الآية الكريمة : أن من صفات المؤمنين المفلحين الوارثين الفردوس : أنهم يحافظون على صلواتهم والمحافظة عليها تشمل إتمام أركانها ، وشروطها ، وسننها ، وفعلها في أوقاتها في الجماعات في المساجد ، ولأجل أن ذلك من أسباب نيل الفردوس أمر تعالى بالمحافظة عليها في قوله تعالى : حافظوا على الصلوات والصلاة الوسطى الآية [ 2 \ 238 ] ، وقال تعالى في سورة المعارج والذين هم على صلاتهم يحافظون [ 70 \ 34 ] وقال فيها أيضا إلا المصلين الذين هم على صلاتهم دائمون [ 70 \ 22 – 23 ] . ـ

Allah’s statement:

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَوَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ

And those who carefully maintain their prayers – [23:9]

In this noble ayah, Allah mentioned that one of the qualities of the successful believers who will inherit al-Firdaws is that they carefully maintain their prayers, and carefully maintaining the prayers includes perfecting their pillars, their conditions, their recommended acts, and performing them in their proper times along with the congregation in the masjid.

And since this is one of the causal factors for attaining al-Firdaws, Allah commanded them to be carefully maintained in His statement:

حَافِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ وَالصَّلَاةِ الْوُسْطَىٰ

Maintain the prayers with care, and [in particular] the middle prayer [2:238]

And His statement in surah al-Ma’aarij:

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ

And those who [carefully] maintain their prayer [70:34]

as He also said in this regard:

إِلَّا الْمُصَلِّينَ * الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَاتِهِمْ دَائِمُونَ

… Except the observers of prayer – * those who are constant in their prayer [70:22-23]

وذم وتوعد من لم يحافظ عليها في قوله فخلف من بعدهم خلف أضاعوا الصلاة واتبعوا الشهوات فسوف يلقون غيا [ 19 \ 59 ] وقد أوضحنا ذلك في سورة ” مريم ” وقوله تعالى : فويل للمصلين الذين هم عن صلاتهم ساهون الآية [ 107 \ 54 ] وقال تعالى في ذم المنافقين وإذا قاموا إلى الصلاة قاموا كسالى يراءون الناس الآية [ 4 \ 142 ] . ـ

And Allah threatened and dispraised those who do not carefully maintain their prayers in His statement:

فَخَلَفَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضَاعُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَاتَّبَعُوا الشَّهَوَاتِ ۖ فَسَوْفَ يَلْقَوْنَ غَيًّا

But there came after them successors who neglected prayer and pursued desires; so they are going to meet evil [19:59]

And we have already explained that in our tafsir of surah Maryam. And there is also Allah’s statement:

فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْمُصَلِّينَ * الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَن صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ 

So woe to those who pray * [But] who are heedless of their prayer [107:4-5]

And Allah said in dispraise of the munaafiqoon:

وَإِذَا قَامُوا إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ قَامُوا كُسَالَىٰ يُرَ‌اءُونَ النَّاسَ وَلَا يَذْكُرُ‌ونَ اللَّـهَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

And when they stand up for the prayer, they stand with laziness and to be seen by men, and they do not remember Allah except a little [4:142]

   وفي الصحيح عن ابن مسعود – رضي الله عنه – ، أنه سأل رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – : أي العمل أحب إلى الله ؟ قال ” الصلاة على وقتها ” [ ص: 321 ] الحديث ، وقد قدمناه والأحاديث في فضل الصلاة والمحافظة عليها كثيرة جدا ، ولكن موضوع كتابنا بيان القرآن بالقرآن ، ولا نذكر غالبا البيان من السنة ، إلا إذا كان في القرآن بيان غير واف بالمقصود ، فنتمم البيان من السنة كما قدمناه مرارا ، وذكرناه في ترجمة هذا الكتاب المبارك . ـ

And there is an authentic hadeeth on the authority of ibn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him), that he asked Allah’s messenger (ﷺ) which deed is most beloved to Allah, to which he replied, “al-salaah in its proper time,” and we have already mentioned this previously. There are a great number of ahaadeeth regarding the virtues of the prayer and of carefully maintaining it, however the theme of this book of ours it explaining the Qur’an by means of the Qur’an, so in general we do not make mention of explanations from the Sunnah unless the explanation found in Qur’an does not suffice. When that does occur, then we complete our explanation by drawing on what is found in the Sunnah, as we have done in certain places. And we have mentioned this in the introductory remarks of this blessed book.

[Adhwaa’ al-Bayaan 5/321-322]

To explore more of this series, see Qualities of the Successful Believers Series Guide

See also: Performing the Prayers in their Proper Times: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: “Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: the Mufassir Profile of sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee

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One thought on “Qualities of the Successful Believers – Part 6/7: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

  1. Pingback: Performing the Prayers in their Proper Times: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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