The Multiplication of Rewards and its Causes: Imam al-Sa’di

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di mentioned the following benefit in his book of thematic tafsir:

فائدة: ورد في القرآن آيات كثيرة فيها مضاعفة الحسنة بعشر أمثالها، وورد أيضا آيات أُخر فيها مضاعفة أكثر من ذلك، فما وجه ذلك ؟ ـ

A point of benefit: In the Qur’an, there are many ayaat which mention the multiplication of good deeds by ten, and there are also other ayaat which mention the multiplication by more than that, so what is the explanation of that?

فيقال: أما مضاعفة الحسنة بعشر أمثالها فلا بد منها في كل عمل صالح كما قال تعالى: { مَن جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ‌ أَمْثَالِهَا }  [ الأنعام: 160 ]. ـ

One can respond: As for the multiplication of good deeds by ten, then this must happen for every righteous good deed, just as Allah said:

مَن جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ‌ أَمْثَالِهَا

Whoever comes with a good deed will have ten times the like thereof [6:160]

وأما مضاعفة العمل أكثر من ذلك فله أسباب، إما متعلقة بنفس العامل، أو بالعمل ومزيته أو نتائجه وثمراته أو بزمانه أو مكانه. ـ

But as for the multiplication of deeds by more than that, then there are certain causes for that – either something related to the doer himself, or related to the deed being done and its merit, or the outcome of the deeds and its fruits, or to its time or place.

فمن أعظم أسباب مضاعفة العمل إذا حقق العبد في عمله الإخلاص للمعبود، والمتابعة للرسول، فمضاعفة الأعمال تبع لما يقوم بقلب العامل من قوة الإخلاص وقوة الإيمان. ـ

So one of the greatest causes of the multiplication of deeds is when the slave actualizes both al-ikhlaas (sincerity) to the Object of worship as well as following the example of the Messenger. So the multiplication of deeds follows from and corresponds to the strength of his ikhlaas and the strength of his eemaan that is enacted in the heart of doer.

وكذلك من الأسباب إذا كان العمل ناشئا عن عقيدة صحيحة سلفية خالصة متلقاة من الكتاب والسنة، فهذا العبد يكون اليسير من عمله أبرك من الكثير من عمل من ليس كذلك. ـ

And likewise, one of the causes for the multiplication of deeds is that the deeds arise from a sound salafi ‘aqeedah purely derived from the Book and the Sunnah. So this slave experiences ease in terms of his deeds being abundantly blessed much more than the deeds of those who are not like this.

ومن ذلك ترك ما تهواه النفوس من الفواحش، مع قوة الداعي إليها لبرهان الإيمان والتوكل والإخلاص. ـ

And another cause for the multiplication of deeds is leaving off the immorality that the lower-self desires despite the strong temptation to engage in it. This is a proof of his eemaan and tawakkal and ikhlaas.

ومن أسباب المضاعفة أن يكون العمل فيه نفع للمسلمين وغناء، وذلك كالجهاد في سبيل الله، الجهاد بالحجة والبرهان، وبالسيف والسنان، كما قال تعالى في نفقات أهل هذا الصنف: { مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ } [ البقرة: 261 ]. ـ

Another of the causes of the multiplication of deeds is that the deed being done contains some benefit and enrichment to the Muslims, such as the likes of jihaad in the path of Allah – and jihaad is both by means of evidences and proofs, and by means of the sword and spears. This is as Allah said in regards to the spending of the people of this category:

مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing [2:261]

ويدخل في هذا سلوك طريق التعليم والتعلم للعلوم الشرعية وما يعين عليها، وفى الحديث: { من سلك طريقا يلتمس فيه علما سهل الله له طريقا إلى الجنة } . ـ

This includes traversing the path of teaching and learning the sciences of the Sharee’ah and whatever aids one in that. And in the hadeeth, “Whoever takes a path to seek knowledge therein, Allah will make the path of al-Jannah easy for him.”

ومن ذلك العمل والسعي في المشاريع الخيرية التي ينتفع بها المسلمون في دينهم ودنياهم ويتسلسل نفعها، ومن ذلك العمل الذي إذا عمله العبد كثر مشاركوه والمقتدون به فيه. ـ

Another cause for the multiplication of deeds is acting and hasting to the paths of goodness from which the Muslims will experience benefit in terms of both their religious and worldly matters and which will bring about their benefit. An example of this is a deed which a slave does and then many others take part in it with him and follow in his example.

ومن ذلك إذا كان العمل له وقع عظيم ونفع كبير، كإنجاء المضطرين، وكشف كربات المكروبين، فكم من عمل من هذا النوع هدم الله به ذنوب العبد كلها، وأوصله به إلى رضوانه، وقصة البغي التي سقت الكلب الذي كاد يموت من العطش شاهدة بذلك. ـ

Another instance of this is if the deed has a great effect and large benefit, such as helping distressed one and alleviating the anguishes of the distraught ones. And how often is it the case that through some deed from this class of deeds Allah would thereby eliminate all of the sins of a slave and direct him unto His pleasure. And the story of the prostitute who gave water to the dog who was about to die from severe thirst is a supporting evidence to that.

ومن ذلك علو مقام العامل عند الله ورفعة درجته، كما قال تعالى: { يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِّنَ النِّسَاءِ ۚ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ } [ الأحزاب: 32 ]. وقوله قبلها: { وَمَن يَقْنُتْ مِنكُنَّ لِلَّـهِ وَرَ‌سُولِهِ وَتَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا نُّؤْتِهَا أَجْرَ‌هَا مَرَّ‌تَيْنِ } [ الأحزاب: 31 ]. ـ

Another cause for the multiplication of deeds is the elevated station of the doer in the sight of Allah and the loftiness of his rank, as Allah said:

يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِّنَ النِّسَاءَ ۛ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ َ ۛ ـ

O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women, if you fear Allah [33:32]

And His statement before that:

وَمَن يَقْنُتْ مِنكُنَّ لِلَّـهِ وَرَ‌سُولِهِ وَتَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا نُّؤْتِهَا أَجْرَ‌هَا مَرَّ‌تَيْنِ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لَهَا رِ‌زْقًا كَرِ‌يمًا

And whoever of you devoutly obeys Allah and His Messenger and does righteousness – We will give her her reward twice; and We have prepared for her a noble provision. [33:31]

ومن ذلك الصدقة من كسب طيب وقوة إخلاص. ـ

Another cause for the multiplication of deeds is giving charity from good earnings and the strength of one’s ikhlaas.

ومن ذلك العمل الواقع في زمان فاضل، أو مكان فاضل. ـ

Another cause of the multiplication of deeds is that a deed takes place at a virtuous time or a virtuous place.

ومن أهم وأعظم ما يضاعف به العمل تحقيق مقام الإحسان في القيام بعبودية الله، وفي الحديث: { ليس لك من صلاتك إلا ما عقلت منها }  فالصلاة والقراءة والذكر وغيرها من العبادات إذا كانت بقوة حضور قلب وإيمان كامل فلا ريب أن بينها وبين عبادة الغافل درجات تنقطع دونها أعناق المطي. ـ

And one of the greatest of things through which deeds are multiplied is actualizing the station of al-ihsaan in carrying out the servitude of Allah. It comes in a hadeeth, “There is nothing for you of your salaah except that during which you are focused”. So as for the salaah, recitation of the Qur’an, dhikr and other acts of worship – if they are done with a strong presence of heart and complete eemaan, then there is no doubt that there are so many levels between that on the one hand and the worship of the inattentive one on the other hand such that one cannot even see the distance between these two without straining his neck.

وأسباب مضاعفة الثواب كثيرة، ولكن نبهنا على أصولها. ـ

And the causes of the multiplication of rewards are many, however we have only informed you of their basics.

ومما هو كالمتفق عليه بين العلماء الربانيين أن الاتصاف في جميع الأوقات بقوة الإخلاص لله، والنصح لعباد الله، ومحبة الخير للمسلمين مع اللهج بذكر الله : لا يلحقها شيء من الأعمال، وأهلها سابقون لكل فضيلة وأجر وثواب، وبقية الأعمال تبع لها، فأهل الإخلاص والإحسان والذكر هم السابقون السابقون أولئك المقربون في جنات النعيم. ـ

And one of the things which is practically unanimous among all the guiding scholars is that there is no deed which can compare to the condition of being characterized at all times with strong ikhlaas towards Allah, sincerity towards Allah’s slaves, loving good for the Muslims, as well as frequently making dhikr of Allah. The people who have these characteristics are the foremost in terms of every virtue, and in terms of recompense and reward, and the rest of their deeds follow from this characteristics. So the people of al-ikhlaas and al-ihsaan and al-dhikr are the foremost of the forerunners, and they are the ones who are near to Allah in the Gardens of Pleasures.

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Manaan pg. 457-459]

See also: The Levels of the Believers: Tafsir al-Sa’di

 See also: The Multiplication of Rewards during Ramadan: Ibn Rajab

See also: “Are you recompensed except for what you used to do?”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: The Rewards of Obedience, and the Different Categories of People in Respects to that: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: Remaining eternally in the Hell-fire and its causes: Imam al-Sa’di

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5 thoughts on “The Multiplication of Rewards and its Causes: Imam al-Sa’di

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