The Story of Ayyub: Imam al-Sa’di

In his book of thematic tafsir, Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di devoted a sizable portion to compiling the various ayaat around different prophets into summarized narratives, as well as mentioning select benefits derived from these ayaat. What follows in his brief treatment of the story of the prophet Ayyub (Job):

قصة أيوب عليه الصلاة السلام

The Story of Ayyub (peace and blessing be upon him)

قصة أيوب عليه الصلاة السلام كان أيوب من أنبياء بني إسرائيل، ومن الأصفياء الكرام، وقد ذكره الله في كتابه، وأثنى عليه بالخصال الحميدة عموما، وبالصبر على البلاء خصوصا؛ فإن الله تعالى ابتلاه بولده وأهله وماله، ثم بجسده، فأصابه من البلاء ما لم يصب أحدا من الخلق، فصبر لأمر الله ولم يزل منيبا لله. ـ

The Story of Ayyub (peace and blessing be upon him): Ayyub was one of the prophets of Banu Israa’eel, and he was one of their most exceptional and honorable ones. Allah mentioned him in His Book and commended him for his praiseworthy characteristics in general, and for his steadfast patience in the face of trials in particular. For Allah subjected him to trials dealing with his children and his family and his wealth, and then with his own body. So Allah afflicted him with trials the likes of which none amongst the creation had previously been afflicted with. But he exercised steadfast patience upon the command of Allah and he did not cease turning back to Allah.

ولما تطاول به المرض العظيم، ونسيه الصاحب والحميم نادى ربه: {أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنْتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ} [الأنبياء: 83] فقيل له: {ارْكُضْ بِرِجْلِكَ} [ص: 42] فركض، فنبعت بركضته عين ماء بارد، فقيل له: اشرب منها واغتسل، ففعل ذلك، فأذهب الله ما في باطنه وظاهره من البلاء، ثم أعاد الله له أهله وماله، وأعطاه من النعم والخيرات شيئا كثيرا، وصار بهذا الصبر قدوة للصابرين، وسلوة للمبتلين، وعبرة للمعتبرين . ـ

And when his grave illness continued on at length and his companions and close friends forgot him, he called out to his Lord:

 أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ‌ وَأَنتَ أَرْ‌حَمُ الرَّ‌احِمِينَ

Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful ones! [21:83]

So it was said to him:

ارْ‌كُضْ بِرِ‌جْلِكَ

Strike [the ground] with your foot [38:42]

So he struck it, and then due to his striking it a well of cool water emerged. Then it was said to him, “drink from it and wash yourself”, so he did that and Allah removed his afflictions – both inwardly and outwardly – from him. And then Allah returned his family and his wealth to him and granted him a great amount of blessings and goodness. And he became an exemplary model for the patient ones because of his steadfast patience, as well as a consolation for those in the midst of trials, and a lesson for those who take lessons.

 وكان في مرضه قد وجد على زوجته المرأة البارة الرحيمة في بعض شيء، فحلف أن يجلدها مائة جلدة، فخفف الله عنه وعنها، وقيل له: خذ بيدك ضغثا حزمة حشيش أو علف أو شماريخ أو نحوها فيها مائة عود فاضرب به ولا تحنث، أي: ينحل بذلك يمينك، وفي هذا دليل على أن كفارة اليمين لم تشرع لأحد من قبل شريعتنا، وأن اليمين عندهم بمنزلة النذر الذي لا بد من وفائه، وفي هذا دليل على أن من لا يحتمل إقامة الحد عليه لضعفه ونحوه أنه يقام عليه مسمى ذلك؛ لأن الغرض التنكيل ليس الإتلاف والإهلاك. ـ

And while he was in the midst of his illness, he became angry with his wife – a pious, compassionate woman – for some reason, so he swore that he would lash her with one hundred lashes [see 38:44]. But Allah lightened this upon him and upon her, and it was said to him, “take a bunch of bundles of grass or fodder or the likes of that in your hand such that they number one hundred and then strike with that and do not break your oath” – meaning discharge your oath in this manner.

And herein is a proof that the expiation of oaths was not legislated for anyone prior of this divine legislation of ours, and that a voluntary oath had the standing of an obligatory oath for them which must be fulfilled.

And in this there is a proof that whoever cannot withstand the establishment of a hadd punishment due to their weakness or something similar, then something carrying that same name should be carried out on them, because the objective is reformative, not harm or destruction.

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Manaan pg. 358-359]

See also: The story of ‘Eesaa, his mother, Zakariyyah and Yahya – Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Benefits from the story of Moosaa and al-Khadr: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Benefits from the Story of the Mother of Moosaa: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: The Story of Qarun: Tafsir al-Sa’di

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2 thoughts on “The Story of Ayyub: Imam al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: Benefits from the story of Moosaa and al-Khadr: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Benefits from the Story of the Mother of Moosaa: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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