The Reckoning for the Believers will End in the Middle of the Day: Imam al-Shinqitee

In his book dedicated to responding to supposed contradictions or problematic passages of the Qur’an, Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqitee brought the following section in his treatment of surah al-Furqaan:

قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَيْرٌ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَأَحْسَنُ مَقِيلًا. هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ الْكَرِيمَةُ تَدُلُّ عَلَى انْقِضَاءِ الْحِسَابِ فِي نِصْفِ نَهَارٍ، لِأَنَّ الْمَقِيلَ لِلْقَيْلُولَةِ أَوْ مَكَانِهَا، وَهِيَ الِاسْتِرَاحَةُ نِصْفَ النَّهَارِ فِي الْحَرِّ . ـ

Allah’s statement:

أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَيْرٌ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَأَحْسَنُ مَقِيلًا

The dwellers of Paradise will, on that Day, have the best abode, and have the fairest of resting-places [25:24]

This noble ayah shows that the conclusion of the reckoning [on the Day of Judgement] will be in the middle of the day, because al-maqeel (resting-place) refers to a qaylulah or the place where one takes a qaylulah. And a qaylulah is period of rest in the middle of the day during the hottest part of the day.

وَمِمَّنْ قَالَ بِانْقِضَاءِ الْحِسَابِ فِي نِصْفِ نَهَارٍ: ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ وَعِكْرِمَةُ وَابْنُ جُبَيْرٍ لِدَلَالَةِ هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ عَلَى ذَلِكَ، كَمَا نَقَلَهُ عَنْهُمُ ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ وَغَيْرُهُ . ـ

And among those who said that the conclusion of the reckoning will be in the middle of the day were ibn ‘Abbaas, ibn Mas’ood, ‘Ikrimah, and ibn Jubayr based on the evidence of this ayah in support of that position. This is as ibn Kathir and others transmitted that from them[1].

وَفِي تَفْسِيرِ الْجَلَالَيْنَ مَا نَصُّهُ: وَأُخِذَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ انْقِضَاءُ الْحِسَابِ فِي نِصْفِ نَهَارٍ، كَمَا وَرَدَ فِي حَدِيثٍ، انْتَهَى مِنْهُ، مَعَ أَنَّهُ تَعَالَى ذَكَرَ أَنَّ مِقْدَارَ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ خَمْسُونَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ فِي قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: فِي يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ [70 \ 4] . ـ

And in Tafsir al-Jalalayn is the text, “And it is derived from this that the conclusion of the reckoning will be in the middle of the day, as is mentioned in a hadeeth[2],” end quote. All of this while also bearing in mind that Allah mentioned that the length of the Day of Judgement will be fifty thousand years in His statement:

فِي يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ

… during a Day the extent of which is fifty thousand years [70:4]

وَالظَّاهِرُ فِي الْجَوَابِ: أَنْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَطُولُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ وَيَقْصُرُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، وَيُشِيرُ لِهَذَا قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى بَعْدَ هَذَا بِقَلِيلٍ: الْمُلْكُ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْحَقُّ لِلرَّحْمَنِ وَكَانَ يَوْمًا عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ عَسِيرًا [25 \ 26] فَتَخْصِيصُهُ عُسْرَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ بِالْكَافِرِينَ يَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لَيْسُوا كَذَلِكَ، وَقَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: فَذَلِكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَوْمٌ عَسِيرٌ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ غَيْرُ يَسِيرٍ [74 \ 9 – 10] ، يَدُلُّ بِمَفْهُومِهِ أَيْضًا عَلَى أَنَّهُ يَسِيرٌ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ غَيْرُ عَسِيرٍ. كَمَا دَلَّ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: مُهْطِعِينَ إِلَى الدَّاع يَقُولُ الْكَافِرُونَ هَذَا يَوْمٌ عَسِرٌ [54 \ 8] ـ

And what is apparent in terms of a resolution is: that the Day of Judgement is lengthy for the disbelievers and shortened for the believers, and this is indicated by Allah’s statement which comes shortly after the initial one [in surah al-Furqaan]:

الْمُلْكُ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْحَقُّ لِلرَّحْمَنِ وَكَانَ يَوْمًا عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ عَسِيرًا

True sovereignty, that Day, is for the Most Merciful. And it will be upon the disbelievers a difficult Day. [25:26]

So His specifying the difficulty on that Day for the disbelievers indicates that is is not like that for the believers. And His statement:

فَذَلِكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَوْمٌ عَسِيرٌ * عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ غَيْرُ يَسِيرٍ

That Day will be a difficult day * for the disbelievers – not easy. [74:9-10]

this statement of His also shows by implication that it will be easy for the believers – not difficult.

Similarly, another statement of His also demonstrates this:

مُّهْطِعِينَ إِلَى الدَّاعِ ۖ يَقُولُ الْكَافِرُ‌ونَ هَـٰذَا يَوْمٌ عَسِرٌ‌

Racing ahead toward the Caller. The disbelievers will say, “This is a difficult Day.” [54:8]

 وَقَالَ ابْنُ جَرِيرٍ حَدَّثَنِي يُونُسُ أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ أَنْبَأَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ الْحَارِثِ أَنَّ سَعِيدًا الصَّوَّافَ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَقْصُرُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ كَمَا بَيْنَ الْعَصْرِ إِلَى غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ، وَأَنَّهُمْ يَتَقَلَّبُونَ فِي رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ حَتَّى يُفْرَغَ مِنَ النَّاسِ، وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ: أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَيْرٌ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَأَحْسَنُ مَقِيلًا وَنَقَلَهُ عَنْهُ ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ فِي تَفْسِيرِهِ، ـ

And ibn Jareer said: Yunus told me that ibn Wahb informed us that ‘Amr ibn al-Haarith informed us that Sa’eed al-Sawwaaf told him that it had reached him that:

The Day of Judgement will be shortened for the believers, to the extent that it will feel like the time between ‘asr and the setting of the sun. And also that they will face one another in gardens of al-Jannah until the other people are finished. And that is Allah’s statement:

أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَيْرٌ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَأَحْسَنُ مَقِيلًا

The dwellers of Paradise will, on that Day, have the best abode, and have the fairest of resting-places [25:24]

And ibn Kathir transmitted this report from him in his book of tafsir.[3]

وَمِنَ الْمَعْلُومِ أَنَّ السُّرُورَ يَقْصُرُ بِهِ الزَّمَنُ، وَالْكُرُوبَ وَالْهُمُومَ سَبَبٌ لِطُولِهِ، كَمَا قَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ يَرْثِي النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ  : ـ
أَرِقْتُ فَبَاتَ لَيْلِي لَا يَزُولُ … وَلَيْلُ أَخِي الْمُصِيبَةِ فِيهِ طُولُ
وَقَالَ الْآخَرُ : ـ
فَقِصَارُهُنَّ مَعَ الْهُمُومِ طَوِيلَةٌ … وَطِوَالُهُنَّ مَعَ السُّرُورِ قِصَارُ
وَلَقَدْ أَجَادَ مَنْ قَالَ : ـ
لَيْلِي وَلَيْلَى نَفَى نَوْمِي اخْتِلَافُهُمَا … فِي الطُّولِ وَالطُّولُ طُوبَى لِي لَوِ اعْتَدَلَا
يَجُودُ بِالطُّولِ لَيْلِي كُلَّمَا بَخِلَتْ … بِالطُّولِ لَيْلَى وَإِنْ جَادَتْ بِهِ بَخِلَا

وَمِثْلُ هَذَا كَثِيرٌ فِي كَلَامِ الْعَرَبِ جِدًّا، ـ

It it is well-known that time is made short by enjoyment, while worries and concerns are a cause for its elongation, just as Abu Sufyan ibn al-Haarith eulogized the Prophet (ﷺ) by saying:

أَرِقْتُ فَبَاتَ لَيْلِي لَا يَزُولُ … وَلَيْلُ أَخِي الْمُصِيبَةِ فِيهِ طُولُ

I remain awake so the night continues on
and the night of my brother facing trials lasts long

And another said:

فَقِصَارُهُنَّ مَعَ الْهُمُومِ طَوِيلَةٌ … وَطِوَالُهُنَّ مَعَ السُّرُورِ قِصَارُ

Short spans of times with concerns are long
while long spans of pleasure feel short

And the one who said the following did an excellent job:

لَيْلِي وَلَيْلَى نَفَى نَوْمِي اخْتِلَافُهُمَا … فِي الطُّولِ وَالطُّولُ طُوبَى لِي لَوِ اعْتَدَلَا
يَجُودُ بِالطُّولِ لَيْلِي كُلَّمَا بَخِلَتْ … بِالطُّولِ لَيْلَى وَإِنْ جَادَتْ بِهِ بَخِلَا

[This translation has been omitted due to its meaning being dependent on a play on words in Arabic]

And the likes of these are quite abundant in the Arabic language.

وَأَمَّا عَلَى قَوْلِ مَنْ فَسَّرَ الْمَقِيلَ بِأَنَّهُ الْمَأْوَى وَالْمَنْزِلُ، كَقَتَادَةَ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ فَلَا تَعَارُضَ بَيْنَ الْآيَتَيْنِ أَصْلًا، لِأَنَّ الْمَعْنَى عَلَى هَذَا الْقَوْلِ: أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمئِذٍ خَيْرٌ مُسْتَقَرًا وَأَحْسَنُ مَأْوًى وَمَنْزِلًا، وَالْعِلْمُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى . ـ

And as for the statement of those who interpret al-maqeel to mean “a refuge and abode” such as Qataadah – then there is no basis of contradiction between these two ayaat, because the meaning according to this position is, “The dwellers of Paradise will, on that Day, have the best abode, and have the fairest of refuges and abodes.”

And the knowledge is with Allah.

[Daf’u Eehaam pg. 177-178. For more discussion of this ayah from Imam al-Shinqitee, see also his tafsirAdhwaa al-Bayaan 6/42-44.]

See also: Will the Disbelievers speak on the Day of Judgement?: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: A Clarification regarding the Questioning on the Day of Judgement: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: “Close friends, that Day, will be enemies to each other – except for the muttaqoon”

Translator’s Notes:

[1] See Tafsir ibn Kathir 6/104-106.

[2] Due to the brief nature of Tafsir al-Jalalayn, the author does not mention the wording or the reference for the hadeeth. However, it appears that the hadeeth in question is mentioned in full in Tafsir al-Qurtubi. Below is Imam al-Shinqitee’s quoting of it in his book of tafsir along with some commentary:

وقال القرطبي أيضا : ” وذكر قاسم بن أصبغ من حديث أبي سعيد الخدري ، قال : قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – في يوم كان مقداره خمسين ألف سنة [ 70 \ 4 ] فقلت ما أطول هذا اليوم . فقال – صلى الله عليه وسلم – : والذي نفسي بيده ، إنه ليخفف على المؤمن حتى يكون أخف عليه من صلاة المكتوبة ” وهو ضعيف أيضا ـ

al-Qurtubi said: Qaasim ibn Asbagh mentioned part of a hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri that he said:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

فِي يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ

… during a Day the extent of which is fifty thousand years [70:4]

So I said, “How long that day is!” So he (ﷺ) replied, “I swear by the One in Whose hand is my soul that that it will indeed be made light for the believer, to the extent that it will be lighter on him that the obligatory prayers.”

And this is da’eef [inauthentic].

[Adhwaa al-Bayaan 6/43. See also Tafsir al-Qurtubi 18/261]

 [3] See Tafsir al-Tabari 19/260 and Tafsir ibn Kathir 6/106.

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5 thoughts on “The Reckoning for the Believers will End in the Middle of the Day: Imam al-Shinqitee

  1. Pingback: Will the Disbelievers speak on the Day of Judgement?: Imam al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “Close friends, that Day, will be enemies to each other- except for the muttaqoon” | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: A Clarification regarding the Questioning on the Day of Judgement: Imam al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

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  5. Pingback: Surahs Recited on Friday and Their Themes: Ibn al-Qayyim | Tulayhah

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