“The Disbelievers – they are the Thaalimoon”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

Allah commands the believers in surah al-Baqarah:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنفِقُوا مِمَّا رَ‌زَقْنَاكُم مِّن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَ يَوْمٌ لَّا بَيْعٌ فِيهِ وَلَا خُلَّةٌ وَلَا شَفَاعَةٌ ۗ وَالْكَافِرُ‌ونَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

O you who have believed, spend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a Day in which there is no exchange and no friendship and no intercession. And the disbelievers – they are the thaalimoon. [2:254]

Commenting on this ayah in his book of tafsir, Imam ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di wrote:

وهذا من لطف الله بعباده أن أمرهم بتقديم شيء مما رزقهم الله، من صدقة واجبة ومستحبة، ليكون لهم ذخرا وأجرا موفرا في يوم يحتاج فيه العاملون إلى مثقال ذرة من الخير، فلا بيع فيه ولو افتدى الإنسان نفسه بملء الأرض ذهبا ليفتدي به من عذاب يوم القيامة ما تقبل منه، ولم ينفعه خليل ولا صديق لا بوجاهة ولا بشفاعة، وهو اليوم الذي فيه يخسر المبطلون ويحصل الخزي على الظالمين، وهم الذين وضعوا الشيء في غير موضعه، فتركوا الواجب من حق الله وحق عباده وتعدوا الحلال إلى الحرام، وأعظم أنواع الظلم الكفر بالله الذي هو وضع العبادة التي يتعين أن تكون لله فيصرفها الكافر إلى مخلوق مثله، فلهذا قال تعالى: { والكافرون هم الظالمون } وهذا من باب الحصر، أي: الذين ثبت لهم الظلم التام، كما قال تعالى: { إن الشرك لظلم عظيم } . ـ

And it is from the kindness of Allah to His slaves that He commanded them to send forward something of that with which Allah has provided them – out of the obligatory and recommended charity – in order that it may be stored-up, rewarded and paid back in full on the Day when the doer of deeds will be in need of (even) an atom’s worth of good deeds.

For there are no transactions on that day, nor can the person ransom himself (even) with an entire earth-worth’s of gold as a ransom against the punishment which faces him on Yawm al-Qiyaamah. And neither a close companion nor a friend can benefit him by means of high standing or intercession. It is a Day in which the follower of falsehood is in loss and when humiliation comes over the thaalimoon – and they are the ones who place a thing in other that its proper place, so they abandon what is obligatory of the due rights of Allah and the due rights of His slaves and they overstep the halaal into the haraam.

And the most grave form of al-thulm is al-kufr billah [disbelief in Allah] – which is taking the worship which is specifically designated to be for Allah and the disbeliever’s diverting it and directing it unto a created being like himself. So for this reason Allah said:

وَالْكَافِرُ‌ونَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

And the disbelievers – they are the thaalimoon

and this is from the rhetorical practice of restriction – i.e. they are the only ones for whom complete thulm is confirmed, as Allah said:

إِنَّ الشِّرْ‌كَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌ

Indeed al-shirk is the greatest thulm [31:13]

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 111]

See also: The Three Categories of Tawheed according to the Qur’an: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: Major Shirk and Minor Shirk: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: A Comprehensive Statement regarding Bid’ah: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Allah invites the disbelievers to repent: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: “And who is more unjust than…”: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: “O our Lord, do not make us a trial for the wrongdoing people”: Tafsir ibn Kathir


3 thoughts on ““The Disbelievers – they are the Thaalimoon”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: “And who is more unjust than…”: Imam al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “Whoever does evil or wrongs himself but then seeks Allah’s forgiveness…”: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: “O our Lord, do not make us a trial for the wrongdoing people”: Tafsir ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

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