Khutbah on the Merits of Ramadan: Imam al-Sa’di

The following khutbah was recorded in a book containing more than 400 sermons of sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di:

الخطبة لرمضان وفضله غير ما تقدم

A Khutbah for Ramadan and its virtues which have not previously been mentioned

الحمد لله على ما له من الأسماء الحسنى والمثل الأعلى ، وما خلقه وحكم به في الأولى والأخرى . ـ

All praise belongs to Allah for what He has of beautiful Names and lofty Likeness, and for what He created and ordained, both in the beginning and the end.

وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ، وله ترفع الشكوى ، وأشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله المصطفى ، ونبيه المجتبى .ـ

And I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone with no partner alongside Him, elevated above any deficiency. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His chosen messenger and revered prophet.

اللهم صل وسلم على محمد وعلى آله وأصحابه العلماء الفضلاء النجباء . ـ

O Allah, bestow Your blessings and peace upon Muhammad and upon his family and his knowledgeable, honorable, noble companions.

أما بعد : أيها الناس ، اتقوا الله حق تقواه ، وذلك باجتناب مساخطه وتتبع رضاه ، وبالشكر له على ما أولاه من النعم وأسداه . فقد أمدكم الله بهذا الشهر الكريم ، وأسبغ عليكم فيه كرمه العميم . أنزل الله فيه القرآن محتويا على الهدى والخير والبيان . ـ

As to what follows: O people, have taqwa of Allah as He is deserving of taqwa, and that done is by avoiding what displeases Him and by following what pleases Him, and by gratitude to Him for what He has granted of blessings. Allah has allowed you the respite to reach this honored month, and He has bestowed His all-expansive  generosity upon you therein. It was in this month that Allah sent down the Qur’an, containing guidance, goodness and clarity.

فيه تفتح أبواب الرحمة والخيرات ، وفيه تغلق أبواب الجحيم وتتوب العصاة من السيئات ، وينادي فيه منادي الخير: يا باغي الخير أقبل على الطاعات ، ويا باغي الشر أقصر وتب عن المخالفات . ولله عتقاء من النار ، وذلك في كل ليلة عند الإفطار . فتعرضوا لنفحات المحسن الغفار . ـ

In this month there is the opening of the gates of mercy and goodness, and in it there is the closing of the gates of the Hell-fire and the repentance of the disobedient ones from sins. And a caller calls therein to goodness, “O one who excels in good, devote yourself to acts of obedience! O one who is excessive in evil, reign yourself in and repent from your acts of disobedience! And to Allah belong those emancipated from the Hell-fire.” And this occurs every night at the time of the breaking of the fast, so turn yourselves to the blessings of al-Muhsin al-Ghaffaar [the Excellent One, the Exceedingly Forgiving].

فمن جمع بين الإمساك عن المفطرات وأمسك عن الأقوال والأفعال المحرمات ، واحتسب الثواب عند فاطر الأرض والسماوات- غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه ورفعت له الدرجات ، ومن تجرأ على المعاصي والمظالم وانتهك فيه الأعراض وخاض المآثم فليس لله حاجة في أن يدع الطعام والشراب والشهوات . ـ

So whoever combines abstention from the things which break the fast and withholding from forbidden statements and actions, and he eagerly hopes for the reward from the Fashioner of the earth and the heavens, then he will be forgiven for what previously occurred of his sins and he will be raised up in degree. But whoever trespasses into acts of disobedience and wrong-doing and thereby infringes on the honors [of people] and engages in sinful behavior, then Allah has no need of him leaving off food or drink or desires.

فإن الله كتب الصيام على هذه الأمة ليكونوا من المتقين ، وليستعينوا بترك شهواتهم على إصلاح الدين ، قال تعالى : { يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ }  ، فأخبر أن الصيام أكبر الوسائل لتحقيق التقوى ، وفيه كمال الثواب ورضى المولى ، فقد اختصه الله لنفسه من بين سائر الأعمال ، فقال صلى الله عليه وسلم : « كل عمل ابن آدم يضاعف له الحسنة بعشر أمثالها إلى سبعمائة ضعف ، يقول الله : إلا الصيام فإنه لي وأنا أجزي به ، يدع طعامه وشرابه وشهوته من أجلى » ، « وللصائم فرحتان : فرحة عند فطره وفرحة عند لقاء ربه » ، و « لخلوف فم الصائم أطيب عند الله من ريح المسك » . ـ

For indeed, Allah enjoined fasting upon this ummah in order that they may among the muttaqoon, and in order that it may aid them in leaving off their lowly desires for the rectification of their deen. Allah said:

يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

O you who have believed, fasting is ordained for you as it was ordained for those before you that you may become al-muttaqoon [2:183]

So He informed us that fasting is the greatest of means for actualizing al-taqwa, and in it is the completion of reward and the pleasure of the Master, for Allah has specified it for Himself out of the midst of all the other deeds, for the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“Every good deed of the son of Adam will be multiplied tenfold to seven-hundredfold. Allah has said, ‘Except for the fasting, for it is for Me and I will reward it; he left off his food and his drink and his desires for My sake.’ There are two occasions of joy for the fasting person: one joy at the time of breaking his fast, and one joy at the time of meeting his Lord. And the breath of the fasting person is better to Allah than the scent of musk.”

الصوم جنة : أي وقاية من المعاصي ووقاية من العذاب ، وسبب لنيل الفضائل وحصول الثواب . ـ

And fasting is a shield, meaning a means of warding off acts of disobedience and a protection from punishment, and it is a cause of obtaining blessings and achieving reward.

فيا له من عمل عظيم تولى جزاءه الرحمن ، وغمر أهله بالجود والكرم والإحسان ، وهيأ عند دخولهم الجنة لهم باب الريان . يفضون منها إلى النعيم المقيم ، والعيش السليم ، في جوار الرب الكريم . ـ

So whoever has a great deed, its compensation is undertaken by al-Rahman, and He engulfs those people with generosity and munificence and excellent treatment, and He will facilitate their entrance into al-Jannah through the gate of al-Rayyaan, and they will enter thereby into everlasting bliss and a complete life in the security of the Noble Lord.

 قد أعد لهم من كرمه مالا عين رأت ، ولا أذن سمعت ، ولا خطر على القلوب . وهيأ لهم ما تشتهيه الأنفس وتلذ الأعين ، من كل مطلوب ومرغوب . أعده نزلا وضيافة للصائمين وكرامة ومنحة للمتقين ، كما قال تعالى في حق هؤلاء المحسنين : { كُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا هَنِيئًا بِمَا أَسْلَفْتُمْ فِي الْأَيَّامِ الْخَالِيَةِ } . بارك الله لي ولكم . ـ

Out of His generosity He has prepared that which no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no heart has imagined for them . And He has facilitated every sought objective and end which the souls desire and which satisfy the eyes for them. He has prepared hospitality and accommodation for the fasting ones, and nobility and blessings for the muttaqoon, just as He said in regard to these muhsinoon [doers of good]:

كُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا هَنِيئًا بِمَا أَسْلَفْتُمْ فِي الْأَيَّامِ الْخَالِيَةِ

[They will be told], “Eat and drink in satisfaction according to what you put forth in the days past.” [69:24]

May Allah bless me and you.

[Majmoo’ al-Khutab al-Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di pg. 457-459]

See also: Fasting is prescribed for you in order that you may become al-muttaqoon: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: Khutbah of Imam al-Sa’di on the eve of Ramadan

See also: Khutbah on Welcoming Ramadan in the Proper Way: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: “The entire dunya is a month of fasting for the muttaqeen”

To view all  Ramadan material, see Ramadan Articles.

4 thoughts on “Khutbah on the Merits of Ramadan: Imam al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: Khutbah of Imam al-Sa’di on the eve of Ramadan | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Two Joys for the Fasting Person: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Khutbah on Welcoming Ramadan in the Proper Way: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Fasting is prescribed for you in order that you may become al-muttaqoon: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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