The Multiplication of Rewards during Ramadan: Ibn Rajab

In the opening of his discussion of the month of Ramadan, Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali mentioned the following points of benefit regarding the multiplication of rewards for deeds, which particular attention given to the multiplication during the month of Ramadan:

واعلم أن مضاعفة الأجر للأعمال تكون بأسباب . ـ

Know that the multiplication of rewards for deeds takes place due to several causes.

منها شرف المكان المعمول فيه ذلك العمل كالحرم ولذلك تضاعف الصلاة في مسجدي مكة والمدينة كما ثبت ذلك في الحديث الصحيح عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: “صلاة في مسجدي هذا خير من ألف صلاة فيما سواه من المساجد إلا المسجد الحرام” . وفي رواية: “فإنه أفضل” وكذلك روي: “أن الصيام يضاعف بالحرم” وفي سنن ابن ماجة بإسناد ضعيف عن ابن عباس مرفوعا: “من أدرك رمضان بمكة فصامه وقام منه ما تيسر كتب الله له مائة ألف شهر رمضان فيما سواه” وذكر له ثوابا كثيرا . ـ

Among these is the distinction of the place in which that deed is performed such as the Haram. And in this vein is performing al-salaah in the two masjids of Mecca and al-Madinah, as has been confirmed in the authentic hadeeth that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “al-salaah in my masjid is better than one thousand salaat in any other masjid, except for Masjid al-Haraam“. And in another narration, “for indeed it is more meritorious”. And likewise it is narrated “that (the reward of) fasting is multiplied in the haram“, and with a weak isnaad in Sunan ibn Maajah a marfoo’ hadeeth on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas, “whoever reaches Ramadan in Mecca and fasts it and stands whatever is easy for him (in night prayer), Allah has written (the reward) of one hundred thousand months of Ramadan observed elsewhere,” and for that person he mentioned an abundant reward.

ومنها: شرف الزمان كشهر رمضان وعشر ذي الحجة وفي حديث سلمان الفارسي المرفوع الذي أشرنا إليه في فضل شهر رمضان: “من تطوع فيه بخصلة من خصال الخير كان كمن أدى فريضة فيما سواه ومن أدى فيه فريضة كان كمن أدى سبعين فريضة فيما سواه” وفي الترمذي عن أنس: سئل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أي الصدقة أفضل؟ قال: “صدقة في رمضان” وفي الصحيحين عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: “عمرة في رمضان تعدل بحجة” أو قال: “حجة معي”. ـ

And among them is the distinction of the time, such as the month of Ramadan and the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah. And in the marfoo’ hadeeth of Salman al-Farsi in which he indicated the virtue of the month of Ramadan to us, “Whoever performs optional deeds therein with some of the good virtues, then he is like one who performs obligatory deeds during other times. And whoever performs obligatory deeds therein, then he is like one who performs seventy obligatory deeds during other times.” And on the authority of Anas in al-Tirmidhi, “The Prophet(ﷺ) was asked, ‘which charity is most virtuous?’, he replied, ‘charity during Ramadan.'” And in the Saheehayn that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “‘Umrah in Ramadan is equal to Hajj,” – or he said, “Hajj with me.”

وورد في حديث آخر: “أن عمل الصائم مضاعف” وذكر أبو بكر بن أبي مريم عن أشياخه أنهم كانوا يقولون: إذا حضر شهر رمضان فانبسطوا فيه بالنفقة فإن النفقة فيه مضاعفة كالنفقة في سبيل الله وتسبيحة فيه أفضل من ألف تسبيحة في غيره قال النخعي: صوم يوم من رمضان أفضل من ألف يوم وتسبيحة فيه أفضل من ألف تسبيحة وركعة فيه أفضل من ألف ركعة . ـ

And it is narrated in another hadeeth, “Indeed, the deeds of the fasting person are multiplied.” And Abu Bakr ibn Abi Maryam mentioned that his elders used to say, “When the month of Ramadan comes, then increase in giving charity therein, for indeed charity therein is multiplied just like charity given fee sabeelillaah. And one tasbeeh therein is more meritorious than than one thousand tasbeeh during other times.” And al-Nakhaa’ee said, “Fasting for one day of Ramadan is more meritorious than one thousand (other) days, and one tasbeeh therein is more meritorious than one thousand tasbeeh (during other times), and one raka’ah therein is more meritorious than one thousand raka’ah (during other times).”

فلما كان الصيام في نفسه مضاعفا أجره بالنسبة إلى سائر الأعمال كان صيام شهر رمضان مضاعفا على سائر الصيام لشرف زمانه وكونه هو الصوم الذي فرضه الله على عباده وجعل صيامه أحد أركان الإسلام التي بني الإسلام عليها ـ

And since fasting in-and-of-itself has its reward multiplied in comparison to the rest of the deeds, then the fasting of the month of Ramadan is multiplied above and beyond the rest of the fasts due to the distinction of its time and by virtue of the fact that it is the fast which Allah has ordained for His slaves and made its fast one of the pillars of Islam upon which Islam is built.

وقد يضاعف الثواب بأسباب أخر منها شرف العامل عند الله وقربه منه وكثرة تقواه كما يضاعف أجر هذه الأمة على أجور من قبلهم من الأمم وأعطوا كفلين من الأجر. ـ

And the rewards could be multiplied for other reasons also. Among them is the honor in the sight of Allah of the one performing the deed and His closeness to Him, or the abundance of his taqwa, just as the rewards of this ummah are multiplied over and above the rewards of those of the nations before them and are given a two-fold reward.

[Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif pg. 284-286]

See also: The Multiplication of Rewards and its Causes: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: The Sacred Months

See also: The Rewards of Obedience, and the Different Categories of People in Respects to that: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: “Are you recompensed except for what you used to do?”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

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4 thoughts on “The Multiplication of Rewards during Ramadan: Ibn Rajab

  1. Pingback: “Are you recompensed except for what you used to do?”: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Khutbah on Welcoming Ramadan in the Proper Way: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Fasting is prescribed for you in order that you may become al-muttaqoon: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: The Multiplication of Rewards and its Causes: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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