A Point of Benefit regarding Truthfulness: Imam al-Sa’di

Imam ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di mentioned the following point in his book of general thematic tafsir:

فائدة: أمر الله بالصدق وأثنى على الصادقين، وذكر جزاء الصادقين في آيات كثيرة، والمراد بالصدق أن يكون العبد صادقا في عقيدته، صادقا في خلقه، صادقا في قوله وعمله، فهو الذي يجيء بالصدق في ظاهره وباطنه، ويصدق بالصدق لمن جاء به، كما قال تعالى: { وَالَّذِي جَاءَ بِالصِّدْقِ وَصَدَّقَ بِهِ ۙ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ  } [الزمر: 33]. ولما كان من هذا وصفه هو أعلى الخلق في كل حالة، ذكر جزاءه أعلى الجزاء وأفضله فقال: {  لَهُم مَّا يَشَاءُونَ عِندَ رَ‌بِّهِمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ * لِيُكَفِّرَ‌ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ أَسْوَأَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَهُمْ أَجْرَ‌هُم بِأَحْسَنِ الَّذِي كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ } [الزمر: 34 و 35]. ـ

A point of benefit: Allah has commanded al-Sidq (truthfulness) and commended the truthful ones [al-saadiqoon], and He has mentioned the reward of the truthful ones in many ayaat. And the intended meaning of al-Sidq is that the slave is truthful in his ‘aqeedah (creed), truthful in his character, truthful in his speech and actions, so that he comes with truthfulness both outwardly and inwardly and he truthfully affirms whoever comes with it. This is as Allah said:

وَالَّذِي جَاءَ بِالصِّدْقِ وَصَدَّقَ بِهِ ۙ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ

And the one who has brought the truth and [they who] believed in it – those are the muttaqoon. [39:33]

And when he has this attribute, then he is the highest of creatures in every circumstance. Allah mentioned his reward – the highest of rewards and the best of them – so He said:

لَهُم مَّا يَشَاءُونَ عِندَ رَ‌بِّهِمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ * لِيُكَفِّرَ‌ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ أَسْوَأَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَهُمْ أَجْرَ‌هُم بِأَحْسَنِ الَّذِي كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

They will have whatever they desire with their Lord. That is the reward of the doers of good – * That Allah may remove from them the worst of what they did and reward them their due for the best of what they used to do. [39:34-35]

وخواص أهل هذا الوصف هم الصدِّيقون الذين ليس بعد درجة النبوة أعلى منهم، قال تعالى: { وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّـهِ وَرُ‌سُلِهِ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الصِّدِّيقُونَ } [ الحديد: 19 ]. والمراد الإيمان الكامل، { كما قال النبي ﷺ لما ذكر لأصحابه الغرف العالية التي يتراآها أهل الجنة من علوها وارتفاعها ونورها كالكوكب الدري في الأفق الشرقي أو الغربي، فقالوا: يا رسول الله تلك منازل الأنبياء، لا يبلغها غيرهم ؟ فقال: بلى، والذي نفسي بيده، رجال آمنوا بالله وصدَّقوا المرسلين، وهؤلاء هم الهداة المهديون كما قال تعالى: { وَجَعَلْنَا مِنْهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِ‌نَا لَمَّا صَبَرُ‌وا ۖ وَكَانُوا بِآيَاتِنَا يُوقِنُونَ } [ السجدة: 24 ]. ـ

And the top-tier of the people with this characteristic are the siddeeqoon [the truthful ones] – those whom, after the level of prophethood, there is no higher level than them. Allah said:

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّـهِ وَرُ‌سُلِهِ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الصِّدِّيقُونَ

And those who have believed in Allah and His messengers – those are the siddeeqoon [57:19]

and the intended meaning (in the ayah) is complete eemaan, just as the Prophet (ﷺ) said when he mentioned the companions of the lofty mansions which the people of al-Jannah will look up at due to their height, their elevation, and their light as if they were shining major stars in the eastern on western horizon, so they would say, “O Messenger of Allah, Are these lofty mansions for the prophets such that no one else else can attain them?” So he replied, “No, rather – by the One in Whose Hand is my soul – these are for men who believed in Allah and affirmed [ar. saddiqoo] His messengers.” [al-Bukhari and Muslim]. And these are rightly guided one, just as Allah said:

وَجَعَلْنَا مِنْهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِ‌نَا لَمَّا صَبَرُ‌وا ۖ وَكَانُوا بِآيَاتِنَا يُوقِنُونَ

And We made from among them leaders guiding by Our command when they were patient and [when] they were certain of Our signs. [32:24]

فالصديقية شجرة أصلها العلوم الصحيحة والعقائد السلفية المأخوذة من كتاب الله وسنة رسوله، وقوامها وروحها الإخلاص الكامل لله والإنابة إليه، والرجوع إليه في جميع الأحوال رغبة ورهبة ومحبة وتعظيما وخضوعا وذلا لله . ـ

So al-Siddeeqiyyah is a tree; its root is authentic knowledge and salafi beliefs taken from the Book of Allah and the sunnah of His messenger, and its establishment and its essence is complete al-ikhlaas (sincerity) to Allah, and turning to Him, and returning back to Him in all conditions – with hope, fear and love – exalting Him, and submitting and humbling oneself to Him.

وثمراتها الأخلاق الحميدة والأقوال السديدة والأعمال الصالحة، والإحسان في عبادة الخالق، والإحسان إلى المخلوقين بجميع وجوه الإحسان، وجهاد جميع أصناف المنحرفين، فهي في الحقيقة القيام بالدين ظاهرا وباطنا وحالا ودعوة إلى الله، والله هو الموفق وهو المعين لكل من استعان به صدقا. ـ

And its fruits are praise-worthy character, truthful speech, righteous good deeds; and ihsaan regarding the worship of the Creator, and ihsaan towards the created beings in all aspects of excellent behavior; and striving against all categories of deviants, for this is the reality of the establishment of the deen both outwardly and inwardly, both in terms of one’s condition and in terms of calling others to Allah. And Allah is the One who grants success, and He is the giver of aid to whomever truthfully seeks aid of Him.

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Manaan pg. 447-449]

See also: The Messiah was only a Messenger and his mother was a ṣiddīqah: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: Two disbelieving women and two believing women: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The outcomes of Taqwa and truthful speech: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The Levels of the Believers: Tafsir al-Sa’di

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6 thoughts on “A Point of Benefit regarding Truthfulness: Imam al-Sa’di

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  3. Pingback: The Levels of the Believers: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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