“Remind them of the Days of Allah”: Tafsir al-Shawkaani

Allah says in surah Ibrahim:

وَلَقَدْ أَرْ‌سَلْنَا مُوسَىٰ بِآيَاتِنَا أَنْ أَخْرِ‌جْ قَوْمَكَ مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ‌ وَذَكِّرْ‌هُم بِأَيَّامِ اللَّـهِ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّكُلِّ صَبَّارٍ‌ شَكُورٍ

And We certainly sent Moosaa with Our signs, [saying], “Bring out your people from darknesses into the light and remind them of the days of Allah.” Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful. [14:5]
Commenting on this, Imam al-Shawkaani wrote:
وذكرهم بأيام الله أي بوقائعه . ـ
‘And remind them of the days of Allah’ – meaning His events.
قال ابن السكيت : العرب تقول الأيام في معنى الوقائع ، يقال فلان عالم بأيام العرب ، أي : بوقائعها . ـ
ibn al-Sakeet said:The Arabs says ‘days’ with the meaning of ‘events/happenings’.  One might say, ‘So-and-so is very knowledgeable of the days of the Arabs’ – meaning: of their happenings.
وقال الزجاج ، أي : ذكرهم بنعم الله عليهم وبنقم أيام الله التي انتقم فيها من قوم نوح وعاد وثمود . ـ
And al-Zujaaj said: it means ‘remind them of the blessings of Allah upon them and of the punishment of the days of Allah which He inflicted upon the people of Nuh, ‘Aad and Thamood.
والمعنى : عظهم بالترغيب والترهيب والوعد والوعيد إن في ذلك أي في التذكير بأيام الله أو في نفس أيام الله ( لآيات ) لدلالات عظيمة دالة على التوحيد وكمال القدرة
And the meaning is: admonish them with hope and fear, with promises and threats. Verily in that – i.e. in the days of Allah or in remembrance of the days of Allah – there are great guiding signs which point towards al-tawheed and to the perfection of His power.
 ـ ( لكل صبار ) أي كثير الصبر على المحن والمنح ( شكور ) كثير الشكر للنعم التي أنعم الله بها عليه ، وقيل : المراد بذلك كل مؤمن ، وعبر عنه بالوصفين المذكورين لأنهما ملاك الإيمان ، وقدم الصبار على الشكور ، لكون الشكر عاقبة الصبر
For every patient one‘ – meaning the one with a great amount of sabr in adversity and blessing – ‘[and for every] grateful one‘ – meaning the one which a great amount of gratitude for the blessings which Allah has bestowed upon him. And it is said: the intended meaning of this is ‘every believer’. And the take away from this that with these two aforementioned traits, one is the possessor of al-eemaan. And the patient one preceded the grateful one because al-shukr is an outcome of al-sabr.
[Fath al-Qadeer 1/740]

4 thoughts on ““Remind them of the Days of Allah”: Tafsir al-Shawkaani

  1. Pingback: Eemaan has two halves: Sabr and Shukr | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “I entrust my affair to Allah”: Tafsir al-Shawkaani | Tulayhah

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  4. Pingback: Allah has subjected everything in the creation to mankind: Tafsir al-Shawkaani | Tulayhah

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