The Sabr of Choice and Sabr of Necessity: Imam al-Sa’di

Imam ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa’di commented on the temptation that Yusuf endured at the hands of his master’s wife by writing:

هذه المحنة العظيمة أعظم على يوسف من محنة إخوته، وصبره عليها أعظم أجرا، لأنه صبر اختيار مع وجود الدواعي الكثيرة، لوقوع الفعل، فقدم محبة الله عليها، وأما محنته بإخوته، فصبره صبر اضطرار، بمنزلة الأمراض والمكاره التي تصيب العبد بغير اختياره وليس له ملجأ إلا الصبر عليها، طائعا أو كارها، وذلك أن يوسف عليه الصلاة والسلام بقي مكرما في بيت العزيز

This great test was more arduous on Yusuf than the test of his brothers, and his sabr in the face of it was of greater reward. This is because it was sabr of choice in the face of many temptations and it entailed action, but he prioritized the love of Allah ahead of that.

As for the test of his brothers, then his sabr there was a sabr of necessity, similar in status to sickness and misfortunes with afflict a slave outside of his choosing and from which there is no refuge except having sabr over them – whether willingly or unwillingly. And so Yusuf (‘alaihi al-salaam) remained honorable in the house of [his owner] al-‘Azeez.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 456]

For more benefits from Surah Yusuf, click here.

See also: The definition of Sabr: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Words for those in the midst of long-suffering: Ibn al-Jawzi

See also: The reward of an action is of the same category as the action itself: Tafsir ibn Kathir

See also: “And mention in the Book, Ismaa’eel”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

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5 thoughts on “The Sabr of Choice and Sabr of Necessity: Imam al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: The definition of Sabr: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Words for those in the midst of long-suffering: Ibn al-Jawzi | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Whoever wills, let him believe; and whoever wills, let him disbelieve – Tafsir al-Sa’di & Tafsir al-Shinqeeti | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: The Subtleties of the Supplications of Ayyub and Yusuf – ibn al-Qayyim | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: Exerting oneself and galvanizing others – the best of conditions: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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