Two types of despairing of Allah’s Mercy: Imam al-Sa’di

Allah says in surah al-Ankaboot:

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُ‌وا بِآيَاتِ اللَّـهِ وَلِقَائِهِ أُولَـٰئِكَ يَئِسُوا مِن رَّ‌حْمَتِي وَأُولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

“And the ones who disbelieve in the signs of Allah and the meeting with Him – those have despaired of My mercy, and they will have a painful punishment.”

[al-Qur’an 29:23]

Commenting on this ayah in his famous book of tafsir, Imam al-Sa’di wrote:

قال تعالى: { أُولَئِكَ يَئِسُوا مِنْ رَحْمَتِي } أي: فلذلك لم يعلموا سببا واحدا يحصلون به الرحمة، وإلا لو طمعوا في رحمته، لعملوا لذلك أعمالا، والإياس من رحمة اللّه من أعظم المحاذير، وهو نوعان: إياس الكفار منها، وتركهم جميع سبب يقربهم منها، وإياس العصاة، بسبب كثرة جناياتهم أوحشتهم، فملكت قلوبهم، فأحدث لها الإياس

Allah said, ‘those have despaired of My mercy‘ – meaning, because of that they did not work towards even one single thing which would bring about mercy. Otherwise, if they had hoped for His mercy then they would have done those actions. And despairing of the Mercy of Allah is one of the greatest prohibitions, and it is composed of two categories:

1) the despair of kufr, and leaving off all of the means by which one could seek nearness (to Allah), and,

2) the despair of disobedience, due to a great number of estranging offenses, so they take rule over their hearts and therefore cause despair.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 738]

See also: “I complain of my grief and sorrow only to Allah”: Tafsir al-Qurtubi

5 thoughts on “Two types of despairing of Allah’s Mercy: Imam al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: Two Types of Determination: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Complaining about Allah vs. Complaining to Allah: ibn al-Qayyim | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: “In that let them rejoice; it is better than what they accumulate” | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Two Types of Allah’s “With-ness” in Context: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.