The Names of Allah: al-Ghanī – explanation of Imam al-Sa’di

Imam ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Naasir al-Sa’di, in his work discussing the names and attributes of Allah, writes the following on Allah’s name al-Ghanīالغَنِيّ ) – which is often rendered into English as ‘The One Who is Free of Need’, ‘The Rich’, ‘The Sufficient’, ‘The Self-Sufficient’ and other similar translations:

 قال تعالى : يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ الْغَنِيُّ الْحَمِيد

Allah said: “O mankind, you are those in need of Allah, while Allah is the Free of need (Al-Ghanī), the Praiseworthy (al-Hameed).” [35:15]

فهو الغني بذاته، الذي له الغنى التام المطلق، من جميع الوجوه، والاعتبارات لكماله، وكمال صفاته

So He is The One Who is Free of Need in His essence, who is completely and unequivocally Free of Need in all aspects and completely in all respects, and His attributes are perfectly complete.

فلا يتطرق إليها نقص بوجه من الوجوه، ولا يمكن أن يكون إلا غنياً، لأن غناه من لوازم ذاته، كما لا يكون إلا خالقاً قادراً رازقاً محسناً فلا يحتاج إلى أحد بوجه من الوجوه

So no loss occurs to Him from any angle, and it is not possible for Him to be anything except free of need, because His freedom from need is a intrinsic part of His essence, just as He cannot be anything except the Creator, the Irresistibly Compelling, the Provider, the Excellent. So He does not have need of anyone in any way.

فهو الغني الذي بيده خزائن السماوات والأرض، وخزائن الدنيا والآخرة المغني جميع خلقه غني عاماً، والمغني لخواص خلقه مما أفاض على قلوبهم من المعارف الربانية والحقائق الإيمانية

So He is al-Ghanī in whose hand are the treasures of the heavens and the earth, the treasures of the Dunya and the Aakhira, The Enricher [al-mughanni] of all of His creation with a general richness, and The Enricher specifically of those of His creation who have consigned their hearts the realization of [His] Lordship and the truths of al-eemaan.

ومن كمال غناه وكرمه أنه يأمر عباده بدعائه، ويعدهم بإجابة دعواتهم، وإسعافهم بجميع مراداتهم، ويؤتيهم من فضله ما سألوه، وما لم يسألوه

And from the perfect completeness of His Freedom of Need and Nobility is that He commands His slaves to make supplication to Him, and He returns to them with a response to their supplications, and granting relief to all their frequent requests, and out of His favor He gave what they asked of Him and what they did not ask of Him.

ومن كمال غناه أنه لو اجتمع أول الخلق وآخرهم في صعيد واحد فسألوه، فأعطى كلاً منهم ما سأله وما بلغت أمانيه ما نقص من ملكه مثقال ذرة

And from the perfect completeness of His Self-Sufficiency and Freedom of Need is that even if the first of creation and its last were to gathered in one plateau and then they asked Him, and then He gave all of them all of what they asked for their utmost desire, that would not diminish His sovereignty by an atom’s weight.

ومن كمال غناه، وسعة عطاياه ما يبسطه على أهل دار كرامته من النعيم، واللذات المتتابعات، والخيرات المتواصلات، مما لا عين رأت ولا أذن سمعت ولا خطر على قلب بشر

And from the perfect completeness of His Richness and Freedom of Need is the expansiveness of His gifts which He extends to the people of the House of His Honor [i.e. Jannah] from his blessings, and the successive pleasures, and continuous good, of which no eye has seen nor ear heard nor has the heart of man conceived.

ومن كمال غناه أنه لم يتخذ صاحباً ولا ولداً ولا شريكاً في الملك، ولا ولياً من الذل، وهو الغني الذي كمل بنعوته، وأوصافه، المغني لجميع مخلوقاته

And from the perfect completeness of His Freedom of Need is that He does not take a consort, nor a son, nor a partner in Sovereignty, nor a walee from among the lowly. And He is al-Ghanī who is perfectly complete is all His characteristics and attributes, the Enricher of all of His creation.

[Tafsir Asmaa’ Allaah al-Husnaa pg. 91-92]

See also: Al-Waahid al-Qahhaar [Forthcoming]

See also: al-Wadood [Forthcoming]

See also: The perfection of Allah’s generosity and goodness towards His slaves: Ibn Rajab

See also: “O Mankind, you are in need of Allah”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The gratitude of a slave is better than the blessings of this world: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: An incitement towards gratitude for Allah’s blessings

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6 thoughts on “The Names of Allah: al-Ghanī – explanation of Imam al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: The perfection of Allah’s generosity and goodness towards His slaves: Ibn Rajab | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “O mankind, you are in need of Allah”: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: No calamity occurs except that it is written in the Book of Decrees: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Khutbah on the Fundamentals of the Religion: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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