Two qualities which Allah loves: Sharh al-Nawawi

In Saheeh Muslim, Ibn ‘Abbaas narrated that the Prophet said to al-Ashajj ‘Abd al-Qais that:

إِنَّ فِيكَ خَصْلَتَيْنِ يُحِبُّهُمَا اللَّهُ الْحِلْمُ وَالأَنَاةُ

“Indeed there are two traits in you that Allah loves: Forbearance, and deliberateness.”
[Muslim #17]
Imam al-Nawawi, in his commentary on this hadeeth, writes:
وأما الحلم فهو العقل ، وأما الأناة فهي التثبيت [أو التثبت] وترك العجلة وهي مقصورة

As for ilm (forbearance), then it is ‘aql (intellect). And as for anaah (deliberateness), then it is proceeding with care and exactness and abandoning haste, and that is reigning oneself in.

وسبب قول النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ذلك له ما جاء في حديث الوفد أنهم لما وصلوا المدينة بادروا إلى النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ، وأقام الأشج عند رحالهم فجمعها وعقل ناقته ولبس أحسن ثيابه ثم أقبل إلى النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – : فقربه النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – وأجلسه إلى جانبه ، ثم قال لهم النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – : تبايعون على أنفسكم وقومكم ، فقال القوم : نعم . فقال الأشج يا رسول الله إنك لم تزاود الرجل عن شيء أشد عليه من دينه . نبايعك على أنفسنا ، ونرسل إليهم من يدعوهم . فمن اتبعنا كان منا ومن أبى قاتلناه . قال : ” صدقت ، إن فيك خصلتين ” . الحديث .

And the reason for this statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) has come in the hadeeth of al-Wafd that when they reached al-Madinah, they went to the Prophet (ﷺ) and al-Ashajj stood up, gathered his provisions, bridled his camel and donned his best clothes, and then he turned towards the Prophet (ﷺ). So he approached the Prophet (ﷺ) and sat down at his side. Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said to them, “Pledge on behalf of yourselves and your people.” So the people responded by saying, “yes.” So al-Ashajj said, “O Messenger of Allah, verily you have not provided man with anything more serious for him than his deen. So we pledge on behalf of ourselves, and we will convey to them what you call to. So whoever follows us then he is one of us, and whoever refuses then we will fight him.” He (ﷺ) said, “You have spoken the truth. Indeed there are two traits in you…” until the end of the hadeeth.

قال القاضي عياض : فالأناة تربصه حتى نظر في مصالحه ولم يعجل ، والحلم هذا القول الذي قاله الدال على صحة عقله ، وجودة نظره للعواقب ،

al-Qaadhi ‘Iyaadh said: So al-anaah is to wait watchfully until one sees the benefits of a situation, and not to rush. And al-ilm is a statement which one says that demonstrates the veracity of his intellect and the excellence of his considering the consequences.

قلت : ولا يخالف هذا ما جاء في مسند أبي يعلى وغيره أنه لما قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – للأشج ” إن فيك خصلتين ” الحديث . قال : يا رسول الله كانا في أم حدثا ؟ قال : ” بل قديم ” . قال : قلت : الحمد لله الذي جبلني على خلقين يحبهما

I [imam al-Nawawi] say: And this does not contradict what comes in the musnad of Abu Ya’la and others that when the Prophet (ﷺ) said to him, “Indeed there are two traits in you…” that he replied, “O Messenger of Allah, are they inherent or acquired traits?” He replied, “Rather they are inherent,” so he said, “All praise belongs to Allah who fashioned me with two traits which He loves.”

[Sharh al-Nawawi ‘alaa Muslim #17]
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