An encouragement towards rectification in the last days of Ramadan: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali writes in the conclusion of his discussion of the last ten days of Ramadan:

إخواني ! المعوّل على القبول لا على الاجتهاد ، والاعتبار ببر القلوب لا بعمل الأبدان .ربُّ قائم حظه من قيامه السهر ؛ كم من قائم محروم ، ومن نائم مرحوم ؛ هذا نام وقلبه ذاكر ، وهذا قام وقلبه فاجر .

O my brothers! The final determination [of deeds] depends on the acceptance and not on striving, and the account is according to the birr (righteousness) of the heart and not according to physical actions. Perhaps the one who stands the night in prayer has only gained sleeplessness – for how many of those who stand are deprived [of Allah’s mercy] and how many of those who sleep are given mercy. This one sleeps while his heart is attendant [to his Lord], and this one stands while his heart is immoral.

إن المقادير إذا ساعدت ***** ألحقت النائم بالقائم

Verily the measurement for one of ultimate blessing;
he is joined with those who stand in prayer even while he is sleeping

لكن العبد مأمور بالسعي في اكتساب الخيرات والاجتهاد في الاعمال الصالحات ؛ وكل مَيَسّرٌ لما خلق له . أما أهل السعادة فييسرون لعمل أهل السعادة ، وأما أهل الشقاوة فييسرون لعمل أهل الشقاوة . < فَأَمَّا مَنْ أَعْطَىٰ وَاتَّقَىٰ * وَصَدَّقَ بِالْحُسْنَىٰ * فَسَنُيَسِّرُ‌هُ لِلْيُسْرَ‌ىٰ * وَأَمَّا مَن بَخِلَ وَاسْتَغْنَىٰ * وَكَذَّبَ بِالْحُسْنَىٰ * فَسَنُيَسِّرُ‌هُ لِلْعُسْرَ‌ىٰ > فالمبادرة المبادرة إلى اغتنام العمل فيما بقي من الشهر ، فعسى أن يستدرك به ما فات من ضياع العمر

However, the slave is commanded to hasten in earning good deeds and exerting himself in righteous good works. And each person is facilitated towards that for which they were created. As for those people of ultimate prosperity, then they are facilitated to perform the actions of the people of ultimate happiness. And as for the people of ultimate anguish, then they are facilitated to perform the actions of the people of ultimate anguish:

فَأَمَّا مَنْ أَعْطَىٰ وَاتَّقَىٰ * وَصَدَّقَ بِالْحُسْنَىٰ * فَسَنُيَسِّرُ‌هُ لِلْيُسْرَ‌ىٰ * وَأَمَّا مَن بَخِلَ وَاسْتَغْنَىٰ * وَكَذَّبَ بِالْحُسْنَىٰ * فَسَنُيَسِّرُ‌هُ لِلْعُسْرَ‌ىٰ

As for he who gives and has taqwa * And believes in the best [reward], * We will facilitate him toward ease. * But as for he who withholds and considers himself free of need * And denies the best [reward], * We will facilitate him toward difficulty” [92:5-10]

So the appropriate undertaking is that of seeking to amass great rewards for one’s deeds in what remains of this month, for perhaps he will achieve thereby what he has missed from his life up until this point.

[Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif pg. 351]

See also: “Be more concerned about the acceptance of deeds than the deeds themselves”

See also: “The entire dunya is a month of fasting for the muttaqeen”: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: The fast is not perfected until one abandons the forbidden actions: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: The relationship between al-Tawheed and al-istighfaar: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: A Khutbah just before the last ten days of Ramadan: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Khutbah at the Close of the Year: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: “For every period of zeal and enthusiasm there is a slackening off”: Sharh al-Mubaarakfoori

6 thoughts on “An encouragement towards rectification in the last days of Ramadan: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

  1. Pingback: The fast is not perfected until one abandons the forbidden actions: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “The entire dunya is a month of fasting for the muttaqeen” | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: A Khutbah just before the last ten days of Ramadan: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Consideration is given to the completeness of the conclusion, not the defects of the beginning | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: The relationship between al-Tawheed and al-istighfaar: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali | Tulayhah

  6. Pingback: Khutbah at the Close of the Year: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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