Fasting is prescribed for you in order that you may become al-muttaqoon: Tafsir al-Sa’di

Allah informs the believers about the prescription of fasting in surah al-Baqarah when He says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

O you who believe! Observing the fast is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, in order that you may become Al-Muttaqun [2:183]

Imam al-Sa’di, in his book of tafsir, writes the following points of benefit concerning this ayah:

يخبر تعالى بما منَّ به على عباده‏,‏ بأنه فرض عليهم الصيام‏,‏ كما فرضه على الأمم السابقة‏,‏ لأنه من الشرائع والأوامر التي هي مصلحة للخلق في كل زمان‏.‏

Allah informs us of this blessing of His upon His slaves, that He has prescribed fasting upon them just as He had prescribed it for the previous nations, because it is part of the divine legislations and commands which are beneficial for the creation in all eras.

وفيه تنشيط لهذه الأمة‏,‏ بأنه ينبغي لكم أن تنافسوا غيركم في تكميل الأعمال‏,‏ والمسارعة إلى صالح الخصال‏,‏ وأنه ليس من الأمور الثقيلة‏,‏ التي اختصيتم بها‏.‏

And in this is an encouragement for this ummah, that is should be to them as if they are competing against others in the completion and perfection of deeds, and rushing towards the beneficial qualities, and that this is not a burdensome affair which has been singled out for them exclusively.

ثم ذكر تعالى حكمته في مشروعية الصيام فقال‏:‏ ‏{‏لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ‏}‏ فإن الصيام من أكبر أسباب التقوى‏,‏ لأن فيه امتثال أمر الله واجتناب نهيه‏.‏

Then Allah mentions His wisdom is legislating the fasting when He said, “in order that you might become al-muttaqoonfor verily fasting is among the greatest causes of al-taqwa, for in it is compliance with the command of Allah and avoidance of His prohibitions.

فمما اشتمل عليه من التقوى‏:‏ أن الصائم يترك ما حرم الله عليه من الأكل والشرب والجماع ونحوها‏,‏ التي تميل إليها نفسه‏,‏ متقربا بذلك إلى الله‏,‏ راجيا بتركها‏,‏ ثوابه، فهذا من التقوى‏.‏

So from what it comprises of al-taqwa is: that the fasting person abandons what Allah has prohibited him from of eating, drinking, sexual intercourse and the like – those things towards which is lower self inclines – seeking thereby nearness to Allah, hoping for His reward by abandoning them – so this is from al-taqwa.

ومنها‏:‏ أن الصائم يدرب نفسه على مراقبة الله تعالى‏,‏ فيترك ما تهوى نفسه‏,‏ مع قدرته عليه‏,‏ لعلمه باطلاع الله عليه،

And from it: is that the fasting person trains himself upon observing Allah the Exalted, so he abandons what his self desires – according to his ability – due to his knowledge that Allah is observing him.

ومنها‏:‏ أن الصيام يضيق مجاري الشيطان‏,‏ فإنه يجري من ابن آدم مجرى الدم‏,‏ فبالصيام‏,‏ يضعف نفوذه‏,‏ وتقل منه المعاصي،

And from it: is that the fasting constricts the pathways of the shaytaan, so verily He flows through the son of Adam like the flowing of blood. So while fasting, his influence is constricted, and one can thereby lessen in disobedience.

ومنها‏:‏ أن الصائم في الغالب‏,‏ تكثر طاعته‏,‏ والطاعات من خصال التقوى،

And from it: is that the fasting person usually increases in his acts of obedience, and acts of obedience are a quality of al-taqwa.

ومنها‏:‏ أن الغني إذا ذاق ألم الجوع‏,‏ أوجب له ذلك‏,‏ مواساة الفقراء المعدمين‏,‏ وهذا من خصال التقوى‏.‏

And from it: is that when the rich person tastes the pain of hunger, he necessarily feels sympathy for poor and destitute, and this is a quality of al-taqwa.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 83-84]

See also: Two Joys for the Fasting Person: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Chapter on Fasting in the Qur’an – part 1: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Khutbah on the Merits of Ramadan: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: The Multiplication of Rewards during Ramadan: Ibn Rajab

For more Ramadan material, see Ramadan Articles

5 thoughts on “Fasting is prescribed for you in order that you may become al-muttaqoon: Tafsir al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: Khutbah of Imam al-Sa’di on the eve of Ramadan | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Khutbah on the Merits of Ramadan: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Two Joys for the Fasting Person: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Khutbah on Welcoming Ramadan in the Proper Way: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: Benefits of Fasting: Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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