Allah’s commendations for those who pray during the night

The great muhaddith, haadifh and faqeeh, Imam ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, wrote the following in his book Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif concerning the virtue of the night prayer (qiyaam al-lail):

وفي المسند عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن النبي قيل له : إنّ فلاناً يصلي من الليل, فإذا أصبح سَرَقَ, فقال :(سينهاه ما تقول). لأن وقت التهجد من الليل أفضل أوقات التطوع بالصلاة, وأقرب ما يكون العبد من ربّه, وهو وقت فتح أبواب السماء واستجابة الدعاء, واستعراض حواؤج السائلين. وقد مدح الله تعالى المستيقظين بالليل لذكره ودعائه واستغفاره ومناجاته. ـ

And in the musnad [of imam Ahmad] from Abu Hurayrah (raadiAllaahu ‘anhu) that it was said to the Prophet (ﷺ), “Verily so-and-so prays during the night, so what if it happens that he steals?” So he replied, “It [i.e. the prayer] will prevent him from doing what you said.”

This is because the time of tahajjud during the night is the best of times from the voluntary prayers, and it is when the slave is nearest to his Lord. It is the time when the doors of the heavens open and the supplications are responded to, and the needs of the petitioners are acknowledged.

And Allah the Exalted has praised those who awake during the night for His remembrance, supplication to Him, seeking His forgiveness, and seeking His protection.

فقال الله تعالى :  تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَ‌بَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَ‌زَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ  فَلَا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّا أُخْفِيَ لَهُم مِّن قُرَّ‌ةِ أَعْيُنٍ جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ . ـ

For Allah the Exalted said:

تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَ‌بَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَ‌زَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ  فَلَا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّا أُخْفِيَ لَهُم مِّن قُرَّ‌ةِ أَعْيُنٍ جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend out of what We have bestowed on them. No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do. [32:16-17]

وقال تعالى : وَالْمُسْتَغْفِرِ‌ينَ بِالْأَسْحَارِ

And He said:

وَالْمُسْتَغْفِرِ‌ينَ بِالْأَسْحَارِ

…and those who seek forgiveness before dawn. [3:17]

وقال تعالى :  كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ  وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ‌ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُ‌ونَ

And He said:

كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ  وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ‌ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُ‌ونَ

They used to sleep but little of the night, And in the hours before dawn they would ask forgiveness.[51:17-18]

وقال تعالى :  وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَ‌بِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا

And He said:

وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَ‌بِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا

And those who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing. [25:64]

وقال تعالى :  أَمَّنْ هُوَ قَانِتٌ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ سَاجِدًا وَقَائِمًا يَحْذَرُ‌ الْآخِرَ‌ةَ وَيَرْ‌جُو رَ‌حْمَةَ رَ‌بِّهِ ۗ قُلْ هَلْ يَسْتَوِي الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُونَ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

And He said:

أَمَّنْ هُوَ قَانِتٌ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ سَاجِدًا وَقَائِمًا يَحْذَرُ‌ الْآخِرَ‌ةَ وَيَرْ‌جُو رَ‌حْمَةَ رَ‌بِّهِ ۗ قُلْ هَلْ يَسْتَوِي الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُونَ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Is one who is obedient to Allah, prostrating himself or standing (in prayer) during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the Mercy of his Lord (like one who disbelieves)? Say: ‘Are those who know equal to those who know not?’ [39:9]

وقال تعالى : مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ يَتْلُونَ آيَاتِ اللَّـهِ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ وَهُمْ يَسْجُدُونَ

And He said:

مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ يَتْلُونَ آيَاتِ اللَّـهِ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ وَهُمْ يَسْجُدُونَ

among the People of the Scripture is a community standing, reciting the verses of Allah during periods of the night and prostrating. [3:113]

[Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif feema li Mawaasim al-‘aam min al-Wadhaa’if pg. 88]

See also: “We are not able to perform qiyaam al-lail”: Responses from the Salaf

See also: Voluntary fasting in Muharram and it’s merits: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: The wisdom of not disclosing the date of Laylatu’l-Qadr: Imam al-Baghawi

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5 thoughts on “Allah’s commendations for those who pray during the night

  1. Pingback: “We are not able to perform qiyaam al-lail”: Responses from the salaf | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Praying the voluntary prayers in the home: Ibn Qudaamah | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: The date Laylatu’l-Qadr being unknown – “Perhaps that is better for you”: Ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: The wisdom of not disclosing the date of Laylatu’l-Qadr: Imam al-Baghawi | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: The Meaning of “Laylah al-Qadr”: Sheikh ibn ‘Uthaymeen | Tulayhah

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