You will surely hear much abuse: Tafsir al-Sa’di

Allah سبحانة وتعالى said in His Book, in surah Aal Imran:

لَتُبْلَوُنَّ فِي أَمْوَالِكُمْ وَأَنفُسِكُمْ وَلَتَسْمَعُنَّ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَمِنَ الَّذِينَ أَشْرَ‌كُوا أَذًى كَثِيرً‌ا ۚ وَإِن تَصْبِرُ‌وا وَتَتَّقُوا فَإِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ‌

“You will surely be tested in your possessions and in yourselves. And you will surely hear from those who were given the Scripture before you and from those who associate others with Allah much abuse. But if you are patient and have taqwa of Allah – indeed, that is of the matters [worthy] of determination.” [3:186]

Imam al-Sa’di, in his book of tafsir, wrote about this ayah:

يخبر تعالى ويخاطب المؤمنين أنهم سيبتلون في أموالهم من النفقات الواجبة والمستحبة، ومن التعريض لإتلافها في سبيل الله، وفي أنفسهم من التكليف بأعباء التكاليف الثقيلة على كثير من الناس، كالجهاد في سبيل الله، والتعرض فيه للتعب والقتل والأسر والجراح، وكالأمراض التي تصيبه في نفسه، أو فيمن يحب‏.‏

Allah informs and addresses the believers that they will be tested in regards to their wealth with the obligatory and recommended expenses, and with exposure to the loss of that wealth in the path of Allah. And [they will be tested] in regards to their selves with being charged with heavy, difficult burdens over many people, such as jihaad in the path of Allah, and exposure thereby to fatigue, fighting, difficulties and injuries, such as sicknesses which will afflict themselves or those whom they love.

‏{‏ولتسمعن من الذين أوتوا الكتاب من قبلكم، ومن الذين أشركوا أذى كثيرًا‏}‏ من الطعن فيكم، وفي دينكم وكتابكم ورسولكم‏.‏

And you will surely hear from those who were given the Scripture before you and from those who associate others with Allah much abuse” including slanderous speech about them, and in regards to their deen and their Book and their Messenger.

وفي إخباره لعباده المؤمنين بذلك، عدة فوائد‏:‏

And in informing His believing slaves of this there are many benefits:

منها‏:‏ أن حكمته تعالى تقتضي ذلك، ليتميز المؤمن الصادق من غيره‏.‏

From them: His wisdom – Exalted is He – in decreeing that, through which the truthful believer would be distinguished from others.

ومنها‏:‏ أنه تعالى يقدر عليهم هذه الأمور، لما يريده بهم من الخير ليعلي درجاتهم، ويكفر من سيئاتهم، وليزداد بذلك إيمانهم، ويتم به إيقانهم، فإنه إذا أخبرهم بذلك ووقع كما أخبر ‏{‏قالوا هذا ما وعدنا الله ورسوله، وصدق الله ورسوله، وما زادهم إلا إيمانا وتسليمًا‏}‏

And from them: that He – the Exalted – has decreed these affairs for them because He wants khair for them in order to elevate their ranks, and to expiate their sins, and in order to increase their eemaan through that, and to perfect their certainty. For certainly when He informed them about that and made it to be like that “they said, ‘This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger spoke the truth.’ And it increased them only in faith and acceptance” [33:22]

ومنها‏:‏ أنه أخبرهم بذلك لتتوطن نفوسهم على وقوع ذلك، والصبر عليه إذا وقع؛ لأنهم قد استعدوا لوقوعه، فيهون عليهم حمله، وتخف عليهم مؤنته، ويلجأون إلى الصبر والتقوى، ولهذا قال‏:‏ ‏{‏وإن تصبروا وتتقوا‏}‏ أي‏:‏ إن تصبروا على ما نالكم في أموالكم وأنفسكم، من الابتلاء والامتحان وعلى أذية الظالمين، وتتقوا الله في ذلك الصبر بأن تنووا به وجه الله والتقرب إليه، ولم تتعدوا في صبركم الحد الشرعي من الصبر في موضع لا يحل لكم فيه الاحتمال، بل وظيفتكم فيه الانتقام من أعداء الله‏.‏

And from them: that He informed them of that in order to prepare their nafs for the occurrence of those things, and to have sabr with those things when they will occur, because they have been prepared for that situation, so they can therefore brush off the burden [of such events], and not grieve over their condition, and will resort to sabr and al-taqwa. And about this He said, “But if you are patient and have taqwa” – meaning: if you exercise sabr concerning what you have expended of your wealth and your self, and concerning the trials and concerning exercising sabr over the slanders of the wrong doers. And to have taqwa of Allah in that sabr because by that you firmly desire the the Face of Allah and to seek nearness to it. And you did not exceed the divinely legislated limits due to your sabr in those matters which are not allowed for you; rather your occupation was to stand firm against the enemies of Allah.

‏{‏فإن ذلك من عزم الأمور‏}‏ أي‏:‏ من الأمور التي يعزم عليها، وينافس فيها، ولا يوفق لها إلا أهل العزائم والهمم العالية كما قال تعالى‏:‏ ‏{‏وما يلقاها إلا الذين صبروا، وما يلقاها إلا ذو حظ عظيم‏}‏

Indeed, that is of the matters [worthy] of determination” – meaning, of those matters which require resolve and determination, and in which their is desire, and no one achieves this except for the people of strong resolve and determination as Allah the Exalted said, “But none is granted it except those who are patient, and none is granted it except one having a great portion [of good]” [41:35]

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 170-171]

See also: “We have made for every prophet an enemy”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: Ibn al-Qayyim on the Wisdom and Benefits of the Creation of the Shayaateen

See also: The reward is according to your hardship: Sharh al-Nawawi

See also: “Indeed to Allah we belong, and to Him we will return”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: You will surely be tested: Tafsir al-Shinqitee

See also: The disbelievers are not sent as keepers over the believers: Tafsir ibn Kathir

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6 thoughts on “You will surely hear much abuse: Tafsir al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: We have made for every prophet an enemy: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “Indeed to Allah we belong, and indeed to Him we will return”: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: You will surely be tested: Tafsir al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: The disbelievers are not sent as keepers over the believers: Tafsir ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: Dealing with the human shayaateen and the jinn shayaateen: Imam al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

  6. Pingback: Two Types of Determination: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali | Tulayhah

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