“Jerusalem is not a place which is called sacred”: Ibn Taymiyah

Sheikh al-Islam ibn Taymiyah, in his monograph Ziyaarah Bait al-Maqdis, mentioned the following clarification about the number and nature of sacred and inviolable [haram] places according to this deen.

وليس ببيت المقدس مكان يسمى ” حرما ” ولا بتربة الخليل ولا بغير ذلك من البقاع إلا ثلاثة أماكن : أحدها هو حرم باتفاق المسلمين وهو حرم مكة شرفها الله تعالى . والثاني حرم عند جمهور العلماء وهو حرم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم من عير إلى ثور بريد في بريد ; فإن هذا حرم عند جمهور العلماء كمالك والشافعي وأحمد وفيه أحاديث صحيحة مستفيضة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم . والثالث ” وج ” وهو واد بالطائف . فإن هذا روي فيه حديث رواه أحمد في المسند وليس في الصحاح وهذا حرم عند الشافعي لاعتقاده صحة الحديث وليس حرما عند أكثر العلماء وأحمد ضعف الحديث المروي فيه فلم يأخذ به . وأما ما سوى هذه الأماكن الثلاثة فليس حرما عند أحد من علماء المسلمين فإن الحرم ما حرم الله صيده ونباته ولم يحرم الله صيد مكان ونباته خارجا عن هذه الأماكن الثلاثة .

Bait al-Maqdis [Jerusalem] is not a place which is called a sacred [haram, i.e. inviolable], nor is the land of al-Khaleel (i.e. Ibrahim, ‘alaihis salaam), nor any other place except for three sites. The first of them is a sacred and inviolable by the consensus of the Muslims and it is the haram of Mecca, may Allah the Exalted honor it. And the second is sacred and inviolable according to the majority to the ‘ulamaa’, and that is the haram of the Prophet (ﷺ) (i.e. al-Madinah), inviolable to both outside and inside threats and from season to season. For verily this is sacred and inviolable according to the majority of the ‘ulamaa’ such as Maalik, al-Shaafi’i, and Ahamd, and for which there are authentic and extensive ahaadeeth from the Prophet (ﷺ). And the third is Wajj, and it is a valley in the city of al-Taa’if. For it is narrated in a hadeeth related by Ahmad in al-Musnad and it is not authentic, and it is sacred and inviolable according to al-Shaafi’i since he believed in the veracity of the hadeeth, but it is not sacred and inviolable with most of the ‘ulamaa’, and Ahmad declared the hadeeth weak, containing folk tales, so he did not accept it. And as for other than these three sites, then they are not sacred and inviolable according to any of the Muslim ‘ulamaa’, for verily the sacred and inviolable place is that for which Allah has prohibited its game animals and its vegetation, and Allah has not prohibited the game animals or vegetation of any place outside of these three places.

[Majmoo’ al-Fataawa 27/14-15]

For more from Ibn Taymiyah on dispelling common misconception concerning Bait al-Maqdis and its contents, please see his illuminating clarification on Masjid al-Aqsaa from the same book here: A Definition and Brief History of Masjid al-Aqsa: Ibn Taymiyah

See also: The Sacred Months

See also: The Blessings of al-Shaam as mentioned in the Qur’an: ibn Taymiyah

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2 thoughts on ““Jerusalem is not a place which is called sacred”: Ibn Taymiyah

  1. Pingback: The Blessings of al-Shaam as mentioned in the Qur’an: ibn Taymiyah | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: A definition and brief history of Masjid al-Aqsa: Ibn Taymiyah | Tulayhah

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