The outcomes of Taqwa and truthful speech: Tafsir al-Sa’di

Allah سبحانه وتعالى commands those who believe in His Book with the following:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا  يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ‌ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّـهَ وَرَ‌سُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا

O you who believe! Have taqwa of Allah, and speak the truth. He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment. [33:70-71]

Imam al-Sa’di, in his book of tafsir, explains these ayaat as follows:

يأمر تعالى المؤمنين بتقواه، في جميع أحوالهم، في السر والعلانية، ويخص منها، ويندب للقول السديد، وهو القول الموافق للصواب، أو المقارب له، عند تعذر اليقين، من قراءة، وذكر، وأمر بمعروف، ونهي عن منكر، وتعلم علم وتعليمه، والحرص على إصابة الصواب، في المسائل العلمية، وسلوك كل طريق يوصل لذلك، وكل وسيلة تعين عليه‏.‏

The Most Exalted commands the believers with taqwa in all conditions they may be in, both privately and openly, and He specified that. And He charged them with truthful speech, and this is speech which concurs with what is right – or close to it when you cannot be certain – in reciting, mentioning, commanding good and forbidding evil, learning knowledge and teaching it. And to be keen to reach the truth in matters of knowledge, and traversing every path which leads to that, and every means which assists in that (goal).

ومن القول السديد، لين الكلام ولطفه، في مخاطبة الأنام، والقول المتضمن للنصح والإشارة، بما هو الأصلح‏.‏

And from truthful speech is gentle speech and kindness in addressing the creation, and speech which includes sincere advice and counsel, by which one is set aright.

ثم ذكر ما يترتب على تقواه، وقول القول السديد فقال‏:‏ ‏{‏يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ‏}‏ أي‏:‏ يكون ذلك سببًا لصلاحها، وطريقًا لقبولها، لأن استعمال التقوى، تتقبل به الأعمال كما قال تعالى‏:‏ ‏{‏إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ‏}‏

Then He mentioned the outcomes of one’s taqwa and speaking truthfully when He said, “He will [then] amend for you your deeds” – meaning, to that which will cause their righteousness, and the path to them being accepted, because they employed al-taqwa so the deeds will be accepted, just as Allah said, “Verily, Allah accepts only from those who are al-Muttaqoon“. [5:27]

ويوفق فيه الإنسان للعمل الصالح، ويصلح اللّه الأعمال ‏[‏أيضًا‏}‏ بحفظها عما يفسدها، وحفظ ثوابها ومضاعفته، كما أن الإخلال بالتقوى، والقول السديد سبب لفساد الأعمال، وعدم قبولها، وعدم تَرَتُّبِ آثارها عليها‏.‏

And He will cause man to perform righteous deeds, and will rectify the deeds also by safeguarding them from corruption, and safeguard their reward and multiply it, just as a breach in al-taqwa and truthful speech will spoil deeds and they will not be accepted, and they will not have the salient effects on them.

‏‏{‏وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ‏}‏ أيضًا ‏{‏ذُنُوبَكُمْ‏}‏ التي هي السبب في هلاككم، فالتقوى تستقيم بها الأمور، ويندفع بها كل محذور ولهذا قال‏:‏ ‏{‏وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا‏}‏

And He will forgive you” – also – “of your sins” which are a cause of their destruction. So al-taqwa establishes this , and prevents against every prohibited thing, and about this He said, “And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, then he has indeed achieved a great achievement.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman]

See also: “Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: “And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, abstain”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: Four Means of Attaining Allah’s Forgiveness: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: A Point of Benefit regarding Truthfulness: Imam al-Sa’di

7 thoughts on “The outcomes of Taqwa and truthful speech: Tafsir al-Sa’di

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  3. Pingback: “And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, abstain”: Tafsir al-Qurtubi | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Four Means of Attaining Allah’s Forgiveness: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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  7. Pingback: 4 of the rewards of al-Taqwa: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

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