Allah created His creation in darkness: Sharh al-Mubaarakfoori

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr narrates that the Messenger of Allah said:

‏ ‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَقَ خَلْقَهُ فِي ظُلْمَةٍ فَأَلْقَى عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ نُورِهِ فَمَنْ أَصَابَهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ النُّورِ اهْتَدَى وَمَنْ أَخْطَأَهُ ضَلَّ فَلِذَلِكَ أَقُولُ جَفَّ الْقَلَمُ عَلَى عِلْمِ اللَّهِ ‏‏ ‏

“Indeed Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, created His creation in darkness, then He cast His noor (light) upon them, so whoever is touched by that noor he is guided, and whoever it missed, he goes astray. It is for this reason that I say that the pens have dried with Allah’s knowledge.”

[Jaami’ al-Tirmidhi #2642, Saheeh]

Imam al-Mubaarakfoori, in his explanation of Jaami’ al-Tirmidhi, writes the following:

قوله : ( خلق خلقه ) أي الثقلين من الجن والإنس ، فإن الملائكة ما خلقوا إلا من نور ( في الظلمة ) أي الكائنين في ظلمة النفس الأمارة بالسوء المجبولة بالشهوات المردية والأهواء المضلة ( فألقى ) وفي رواية فرش ( من نوره ) أي شيئا من نوره ( فمن أصابه من ذلك النور ) أي شيء من ذلك النور ( اهتدى ) أي إلى طريق الجنة ( ومن أخطأه ) أي ذلك النور يعني جاوزه ولم يصل إليه ( ضل ) أي خرج عن طريق الحق ( فلذلك ) أي من أجل أن الاهتداء والضلال قد جرى ( أقول جف القلم على علم الله ) أي على ما علم الله وحكم به في الأزل لا يتغير ولا يتبدل ، وجفاف القلم عبارة عنه . وقيل من أجل عدم تغير ما جرى في الأزل تقديره من الإيمان والطاعة والكفر والمعصية أقول جف القلم .

His statement, “He created His creation” – meaning ‘the two weighty things’ of al-jinn and mankind, for verily the angels were not created from anything other than light – “in darkness” – meaning two things in the darkness, indicating the evil predisposition towards base desires and misguided wishes. “Then he cast” – and in another narration, ‘brushed’ – “His noor” – meaning something from His noor. “So whoever is touched by that light” – meaning, something from that noor – “he is guided” – meaning, to the path of Jannah – “and whoever it missed” – i.e. that noor, meaning he was beyond it so it did not reach him – “he goes astray” – meaning, exiting from the path of Jannah. “It is for this reason” – meaning because guidance and misguidance has already occurred – “I say that the pens have dried with Allah’s knowledge” – meaning, upon what Allah knew and decreed for it for eternity, neither to change nor to alter, And the drying of the pens is an idiom for that. And it is said in order to negate change in what happens in eternity that He decreed everything; al-eemaan and obedience, al-kufr and disobedience, saying, ‘the pens have dried.’

قوله : ( هذا حديث حسن ) وأخرجه أحمد والحاكم وصححه وابن حبان

And his [Imam al-Tirmidhi’s] statement, “This hadeeth is hasan“, and it was reported by Ahmad, and al-Haakim declared it Saheeh, as did Ibn Hibbaan.

[Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi #2642]

See also: “All of you are astray except whomever I guide”: Explanation of Ibn Rajab

See also: Imam al-Nawawi on the Fitrah

See also: “A donation is not to be compared to a bribe”: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali

See also: The purpose of Allah’s creation: Imam al-Shinqitee

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One thought on “Allah created His creation in darkness: Sharh al-Mubaarakfoori

  1. Pingback: “A donation is not to be compared to a bribe”: Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali | Tulayhah

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