The Jews used to hope for the supplication of the Prophet

Imam Abu ‘Eesaa al-Tirmidhi narrates the following hadeeth in his collection:

عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى، قَالَ كَانَ الْيَهُودُ يَتَعَاطَسُونَ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَرْجُونَ أَنْ يَقُولَ لَهُمْ يَرْحَمُكُمُ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ فَيَقُولُ :‏ يَهْدِيكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيُصْلِحُ بَالَكُمْ ‏‏

Abu Moosaa narrated that the Jews used to sneeze in the presence of the Prophet (ﷺ) hoping that he would say: ‘Yarhamukumullah (May Allah have mercy upon you).’ So he said: ‘Yahdikumullahu Wa Yuslihu Baalakum (May Allah guide you and rectify your affairs).'”

[al-Tirmidhi #2739]

Imam al-Mubaarakfoori, in his commentary on Jaami’ al-Tirmidhi, wrote the following:

قوله : ( كان اليهود يتعاطسون ) أي يطلبون العطسة من أنفسهم ( يرجون ) أي يتمنون بهذا السبب ( فيقول ) أي النبي ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ عند عطاسهم وحمدهم ( يهديكم الله ويصلح بالكم ) ولا يقول لهم يرحمكم الله ; لأن الرحمة مختصة بالمؤمنين ، بل يدعو لهم بما يصلح بالهم من الهداية والتوفيق والإيمان .

His statement, “the Jews used to sneeze” – meaning: trying to make themselves sneeze – “hoping” – meaning: wishing for this reason – “that he would say” – meaning: the Prophet (ﷺ), when they would sneeze and then say al-Hamdulillah. [But he instead said] “Yahdikumullahu Wa Yuslihu Baalakum (May Allah guide you and rectify your affairs)” and he did not say Yarhamukumullah (May Allah have mercy upon you) to them, because the Mercy (of Allah) is exclusive to the believers. So instead he supplicated for them that their affairs would be rectified through guidance and success and al-eemaan.

قوله : ( وفي الباب عن علي وأبي أيوب وسالم بن عبيد وعبد الله بن جعفر وأبي هريرة ) أما حديث علي فأخرجه الطبراني ، وأما حديث أبي أيوب وحديث سالم بن عبيد فأخرجهما الترمذي في هذا الباب ، وأما حديث عبد الله بن جعفر فأخرجه البيهقي في الشعب ، وأما حديث أبي هريرة فأخرجه البخاري عنه مرفوعا : إذا عطس أحدكم فليقل الحمد لله وليقل له أخوه أو صاحبه يرحمك الله ، فإذا قال له يرحمك الله فليقل يهديكم الله ويصلح بالكم .

His [i.e. Imam al-Tirmidhi] said, “the hadeeth also comes from ‘Ali, Abu Ayyoob, Saalim ibn ‘Ubayd, ‘Abdullaah ibn Ja’far, and Abu Hurayrah” and as for the hadeeth of ‘Ali, it it collected by al-Tabaraani. And as for the hadeeth of Abu Ayyoob and the hadeeth of Saalim ibn ‘Ubayd, they are collected by al-Tirmidhi in this chapter. And as for the hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah ibn Ja’far, it is collected by al-Bayhaqi in al-Sha’b al-Eemaan. And as for the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah, it is collected from him in al-Bukhari raised to a statement of the Prophet:

If anyone of you sneezes, he should say ‘Al-Hamdulillah‘ (Praise be to Allah), and his (Muslim) brother or companion should say to him, ‘Yarhamukallah‘ (May Allah bestow his Mercy on you). When the latter says ‘Yarhamukallah“, the former should say, ‘Yahdikumullah wa Yuslih baalakum‘ (May Allah give you guidance and improve your condition). [al-Bukhari #6224]

قوله : ( هذا حديث حسن صحيح ) ، وأخرجه أبو داود والنسائي والحكم وصححه .

And his [i.e. Imam al-Tirmidhi] statement, “This is a hasan saheeh hadeeth“, and it was collected by Abu Dawood, al-Nasaa’i, and al-Haakim who also declared it as saheeh.

[Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi #2739]

See also: Giving the greeting of salam to a mixed group: ibn Hajar

See also: Overlooking the foolishness of those upon falsehood: Sharh al-Nawawi

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2 thoughts on “The Jews used to hope for the supplication of the Prophet

  1. Pingback: Giving the greeting of salaam to a mixed group: ibn Hajar | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: Overlooking the foolishness of those upon falsehood: Sharh al-Nawawi | Tulayhah

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