A response to those who say “We are the children of Allah”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

Allah سبحانه وتعالى says His Book in surah al-Maa’idah:

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ وَالنَّصَارَ‌ىٰ نَحْنُ أَبْنَاءُ اللَّـهِ وَأَحِبَّاؤُهُ ۚ قُلْ فَلِمَ يُعَذِّبُكُم بِذُنُوبِكُم ۖ بَلْ أَنتُم بَشَرٌ‌ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقَ ۚ يَغْفِرُ‌ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَلِلَّـهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْ‌ضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ‌

And (both) the Jews and the Christians say: “We are the children of Allah and His loved ones.” Say: “Why then does He punish you for your sins?” Nay, you are but human beings, of those whom He has created, He forgives whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the return. [5:18]

Imam al-Sa’di, in his book of tafsir, writes:

ومن مقالات اليهود والنصارى أن كلا منهما ادعى دعوى باطلة، يزكون بها أنفسهم، بأن قال كل منهما‏:‏ ‏{‏نَحْنُ أَبْنَاءُ اللَّهِ وَأَحِبَّاؤُهُ‏}‏

And from the statements of the Jews and the Christians is that they both made false claims, lauding themselves as pure thereby, because they both said, “We are the children of Allah and His loved ones.

والابن في لغتهم هو الحبيب، ولم يريدوا البنوة الحقيقية، فإن هذا ليس من مذهبهم إلا مذهب النصارى في المسيح‏.‏

And ‘son’ in their language means ‘beloved’, and they do not mean actual son-ship, for this is not their way; it is only the way of the Christians concerning the Messiah.

قال الله ردا عليهم حيث ادعوا بلا برهان‏:‏ ‏{‏قُلْ فَلِمَ يُعَذِّبُكُمْ بِذُنُوبِكُمْ‏}‏‏؟‏

Allah refuted them and the assertion they brought without proof when He said, “Say: Why then does He punish you for your sins?

فلو كنتم أحبابه ما عذبكم ‏[‏لكون الله لا يحب إلا من قام بمراضيه‏]‏

For if you were His beloved, He would not punish you. But Allah does not love except those who establish His pleasure [by obedience to Him]

‏{‏بَلْ أَنتُم بَشَرٌ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقَ‏}‏ تجري عليكم أحكام العدل والفضل ‏{‏يَغْفِرُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَن يَشَاءُ‏}‏ إذا أتوا بأسباب المغفرة أو أسباب العذاب، ‏{‏وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السموات وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ‏}‏ أي‏:‏ فأي شيء خصكم بهذه الفضيلة، وأنتم من جملة المماليك ومن جملة من يرجع إلى الله في الدار الآخرة، فيجازيكم بأعمالكم‏.‏

Nay, you are but human beings, of those whom He has created” and upon you are the provisions of justice and beneficence (al-fadl) “He forgives whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills” when the causes of forgiveness or the causes of punishment are present. “And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the return” – meaning, that anything distinguishing you out of these this is an honor, and you all are owned [by Allah] and you all are going to return to Allah in the Hereafter, then you will be recompensed for your deeds.

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman p. 248-249]

See also: A reply to those who say, “If God can do anything, why can He not have a son?”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

See also: The story of ‘Eesaa, his mother, Zakariyyah and Yahya – Imam al-Sa’di

5 thoughts on “A response to those who say “We are the children of Allah”: Tafsir al-Sa’di

  1. Pingback: A reply to those who say, “If God can do anything, why can He not have a son?”: Tafsir al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “Had Allah willed to take a son…”: Tafsir al-Sa’di and Tafsir ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: The story of ‘Eesaa, his mother, Zakariyyah and Yahya – Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Imam al-Shawkani on the Gospels | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: Blessed are those who read the Book of Allah and act accordingly | Tulayhah

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.