“All that which they used to enjoy shall not benefit them”: Tafsir al-Baghawi

Allah سبحانه وتعالى says in His Book, in surah al-Shu’ara’ (26):

كَذَٰلِكَ سَلَكْنَاهُ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُجْرِ‌مِينَ ﴿٢٠٠﴾ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ حَتَّىٰ يَرَ‌وُا الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ ﴿٢٠١﴾ فَيَأْتِيَهُم بَغْتَةً وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُ‌ونَ ﴿٢٠٢﴾ فَيَقُولُوا هَلْ نَحْنُ مُنظَرُ‌ونَ ﴿٢٠٣﴾ أَفَبِعَذَابِنَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونَ ﴿٢٠٤﴾ أَفَرَ‌أَيْتَ إِن مَّتَّعْنَاهُمْ سِنِينَ ﴿٢٠٥﴾ ثُمَّ جَاءَهُم مَّا كَانُوا يُوعَدُونَ ﴿٢٠٦﴾مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا يُمَتَّعُونَ ﴿٢٠٧﴾ـ

Thus have We caused it to enter the hearts of the Mujrimun. (200) They will not believe in it until they see the painful torment; (201) And it will come to them suddenly while they perceive it not; (202) Then they will say: “Can we be respited?” (203) Would they then wish for Our Torment to be hastened on? (204) Have you then considered if We let them enjoy themselves for years, (205) And then there came to them that which they were promised? (206) All that  which they used to enjoy shall not benefit them. (207)

Imam al-Baghawi, in his book of tafsir, wrote about these ayaat:

{كَذَلِكَ سَلَكْنَاهُ} قال ابن عباس، والحسن، ومجاهد: أدخلنا الشرك والتكذيب {فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ}.

Thus have We caused it to enter” – Ibn ‘Abbaas, Hasan [al-Basri], and Mujaahid said [it means], “We have caused shirk and denial to enter “into enter the hearts of the Mujrimun.

{لا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ} أي: بالقرآن، {حَتَّى يَرَوُا الْعَذَابَ الألِيمَ} يعني: عند الموت.

They will not believe in it” – meaning the Qur’an – “until they see the painful torment” – meaning at the time of death.

{فَيَأْتِيَهُمْ} يعني: العذاب، {بَغْتَةً} فجأة، {وَهُمْ لا يَشْعُرُونَ} به في الدنيا.

It shall come to them” – meaning the punishment – “suddenly” – so therefore it comes “while they perceive it not” in this life.

{فَيَقُولُوا هَلْ نَحْنُ مُنْظَرُونَ} أي: لنؤمن ونصدق، يتمنون الرجعة والنَّظِرَة. قال مقاتل: لما أوعدهم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بالعذاب، قالوا: إلى متى توعدنا بالعذاب؟ متى هذا العذاب؟

Then they will say: ‘Can we be respited?‘” – meaning in order to believe and affirm [i.e., the opposite of their former denial], we wish for return [to the dunya] and reflection. Muqaatil said: When the Prophet (ﷺ) promised them of punishment, they said, ‘When are we promised punishment? When is this punishment?’

قال الله تعالى: {أَفَبِعَذَابِنَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونَ أَفَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ مَتَّعْنَاهُمْ سِنِينَ} كثيرة في الدنيا، يعني: كفار مكة، ولم نهلكهم. {ثُمَّ جَاءَهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُوعَدُونَ} يعني: بالعذاب. .

Allah the Exalted said, “Have you then considered if We let them enjoy themselves for years” – meaning many years in this dunya – referring to the kuffaar of Mecca – and We did not destroy them. “And then there came to them that which they were promised?” – meaning the punishment.

{مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُمَتَّعُونَ} به في تلك السنين. والمعنى: أنهم وإن طال تمتعهم بنعيم الدنيا فإذا أتاهم العذاب لم يغن عنهم طول التمتع شيئًا، ويكون كأنهم لم يكونوا في نعيم قط

All that  which they used to enjoy” -in those years – “shall not benefit them“. And the meaning is: That even if He extended their provisions and enjoyment and earthly blessings, and then the punishment came to them, then their extended enjoyment and provisions would not benefit them at all, and it would be as if they had never even experienced those blessings.

[al-Ma’alim al-Tanzeel 6/130-132]

See also: “And for that He created them…” : Tafsir al-Qurtubi

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One thought on ““All that which they used to enjoy shall not benefit them”: Tafsir al-Baghawi

  1. Pingback: “And for that He created them…”: Tafsir al-Qurtubi | Tulayhah

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