The Condition of the Europeans at the End of Times

Imam ibn Kathir, in his book al-Nihayah fī’l-Fitani wa’l-Malaahim, which details some of the events which will occur at the end of times, mentions that the Romans [i.e. Europeans] will be the most numerous people when the Day of Resurrection comes. He writes:

بعض خصال الروم الحسنة

Some good qualities of the Romans [i.e. Europeans]

وقد روى مسلم من حديث الليث بن سعد، حدثني موسى بن علي، عن أبيه قال: قال المستورد القرشي عند عمرو بن العاص سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: ” تقوم الساعة والروم أكثرُ الناس فقال له عمرو: أبْصِرْ ما تقولُ: قال أقُولُ ما سمعتُ من رسوٍل الله صلى الله عليه وسلم. قال: لئنْ قلتَ ذَاك فإن فِيهِمْ لخِصالاً أرْبعاً: إنَّهم لأحكمُ الناس عند فتنةٍ، وأسرعُهم إفَاقَة بعد مصية، وأوشكهم كرةً بعد فَرةٍ ، وخيرُهم لمِسْكين ويتيم وضعيف، وخامسة حسنة جميلة وأمنعهم من ظُلم الملوك ” .

Imam Muslim has narrated the hadeeth that Mustawrid al-Quraishi said to ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas that he heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, “The Last Hour would come when the Romans [i.e. Europeans] form a majority amongst people.” So ‘Amr said to him, “Watch what you’re saying!”. He said, “I said what I heard from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). (‘Amr) said, “If you say that, then verily there are four qualities in them (which would be conducive to that): Verily they are the most able to cope with tribulation; the quickest to recover after a calamity; the quickest to attack after having retreated; the best of people as far as treating the poor, weak and orphans is concerned; and fifth, they are the best in not allowing themselves to be oppressed by their kings (or rulers).” [Muslim #7461]

تقوم الساعة والروم أكثر الناس

The Hour will be established when the Romans [i.e. Europeans] form a majority amongst the people.

ثم قال مسلم: حدثني حرملة بن يحيى، حدثنا عبد الله بن وهب، حدثني أبو شريح أن عبد الكريم بن الحارث حدثه أن المستورد القرشي قال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: ” تقوم الساعة والروم أكثر الناس قال: فبلغ ذلك عمرو بن العاص فقال: ما هذه الأحاديثُ التي يُذْكَرُ عنك أنك تقُولها عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم؟ فقال له المستورد: قلت الذي سمعت من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال عمرو: ” إنْ قلتَ ذاكَ إنَّهم لأحكمُ الناس عند فتنةٍ ، وأجْبرُ الناس عند مصيبة، وخيرُ الناس لمساكينِهم وضعفائِهم ” .

Then Muslim said: al-Mustawrid al-Quraishi said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, ‘The Hour will be established when the Romans [i.e. Europeans] form a majority amongst the people.'” He said, “So this reached ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas who said, “What is this speech which is mentioned about you that you said it is the speech of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)?” So al-Mustawrid said to him, “I said what I heard from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ).” So ‘Amr said, “If you say that, then verily they [the Romans, i.e. Europeans] are the most level-headed in times of tribulation, and the most able to recover from a trial, and the best of people to their poor and their weak ones.” [Muslim #7462]

وهذا يدل على أن الروم يسلمون في آخر الزمان، ولعل فتح القسطنطينية يكون على يدي طائفة منهم كما نطق به الحديث المتقدم أنه يغزوها سبعون ألفاً من بني إسحاق، والروم من سلالة العيص بن إسحاق بن إبراهيم الخليل، فمنهم أولاد عم بني إسرائيل وهو يعقوب بن إسحاق، فالروم يكونون في آخر الزمان خيراً من بني إسرائيل، فإن الدجال يتبعه سبُعون ألفاً من يهود أصبهان فهم أنصار الدجال، وهؤلاء أعني الروم قد مدحوا في هذا الحديث فلعلهم يسلمون على يدي المسيح ابن مريم والله أعلم.

This indicates that the Romans (i.e. Europeans) will embrace Islam at the end of times, and perhaps a group of them will be the ones who will conquer ‘Constantinople’, for in the previous hadeeth it is mentioned that 70,000 from the children of Ishaaq (Isaac) will attack it. And the Romans are from the descendants of Al-ʿAys (Esau) ibn Ishaaq ibn Ibrahim Al-Khaleel; some of them are descendants from the uncle of the Children of Israel – Yaʾqoob (Jacob) ibn Ishaaq. So at the end of times, the Romans will be better than the Children of Israel (from the past). The Dajjaal (the False Messiah) will be followed by 70,000 Jews from Asbahaan [currently Iran], so they are the helpers of the Dajjaal. The Romans, on the other hand, are praised in this hadeeth. Perhaps, therefore, they will accept Islam at the hands of Al-Maseeh ibn Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary); and Allah knows best.

[al-Nihayah fī’l-Fitani wa’l-Malaahim 1/30]

See also: What Allah has told us in His Book is sufficient: Tafsir ibn Kathir

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One thought on “The Condition of the Europeans at the End of Times

  1. Pingback: What Allah has told us in His Book is sufficient: Ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

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