The Sharee’ah of Moosaa and the Sharee’ah of Muhammad

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali writes in his explanation of Imam al-Nawawi’s Arba’een:

وأما الصبر فإنه ضياء والضياء هو النور الذي يحصل فيه نوع حرارة وإحراق كضياء الشمس بخلاف القمر فإنه نور محض فيه إشراق بغير إحراق قال الله عز وجل ‏{‏هُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ ضِيَاء وَالْقَمَرَ نُورًا‏}‏ يونس

As for Sabr (steadfastness), it is a radiant light (dhiya’), which is the light which carries in it some type of heat and burning like the radiant light of the sun, as opposed to the moon, because it [the moon] is pure light in which there is illumination without any burning. Allah says, “It is He who appointed to sun to give radiance, and the moon to give light” [10:5].

ومن هنا وصف الله شريعة موسى بأنها ضياء كما قال ‏{‏وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ الْفُرْقَانَ وَضِيَاء وَذِكْرًا لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ‏}‏ الأنبياء وإن كان قد ذكر أن في التوراة نورا كما قال ‏{‏إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَا التَّوْرَاةَ فِيهَا هُدًى وَنُورٌ‏}‏ لكن الغالب على شريعتهم الضياء لما فيها من الآصار والأغلال والأثقال

It is from this point of view that Allah describes the sharee’ah of Moosaa as being a radiant light, as He says, “We gave to Moosaa and Haaroon the Criterion and a shining light and a reminder for the muttaqoon” [21:48], even if He also mentions that there is light (noor) in the Tawrah, as He says, “We sent down the Tawrah containing guidance and light” [5:44], however what is the predominant element in their sharee’ah is a radiant light because of the heaviness and burdensome commands, difficult tasks and fatiguing works, and the weighty burdens in it.

ووصف شريعة محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم بأنها نور لما فيها من الحنيفية السمحة قال الله تعالى ‏{‏قَدْ جَاءكُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُّبِينٌ‏}‏ المائدة

And He describes the sharee’ah of Muhammad (ﷺ) as being a light because of the the liberally generous haneefiyyah that is in it. He says, Exalted is He, “A light has come to you from Allah and a clear Book” [5:15]

[Jaami’ al-‘Uloom wa’l-Hikam 2/24-25 (ch. 23)]

For linguistic insights from Ibn Rajab, please see: The meaning of al-Ma’roof and al-Munkar: Ibn Rajab

See also: The Preservation of the Qur’an and the Preservation of the Tawrah: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: The Virtue of this Ummah over the Previous Nations: Imam al-Shinqitee

See also: The Qur’an, the Tawrah and the Injeel: Tafsir ibn Kathir

See also: We Revealed the Qur’an as a Muhaymin over the previous scriptures: Tafsir ibn Kathir

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11 thoughts on “The Sharee’ah of Moosaa and the Sharee’ah of Muhammad

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  11. Pingback: The Virtue of this Ummah over the Previous Nations: Imam al-Shinqitee | Tulayhah

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