When the Prophet (ﷺ) arrived in al-Madinah

‘Abdullah ibn Salaam narrates that:

قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَدِينَةَ انْجَفَلَ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهِ وَقِيلَ قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَجِئْتُ فِي النَّاسِ لأَنْظُرَ إِلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا اسْتَبَنْتُ وَجْهَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَرَفْتُ أَنَّ وَجْهَهُ لَيْسَ بِوَجْهِ كَذَّابٍ وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ شَيْءٍ تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ أَنْ قَالَ ‏ “‏ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَفْشُوا السَّلاَمَ وَأَطْعِمُوا الطَّعَامَ وَصَلُّوا وَالنَّاسُ نِيَامٌ تَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ بِسَلاَمٍ ‏”

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) arrived – meaning in al-Madinah – the people came out to meet him. It was said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had arrived, so I went among the people to get a look at him. When I gazed upon the face of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), I knew that this face was not the face of a liar. The first thing that he spoke about what was what he said, “O People! Spread the salaam, feed (others), and perform salaat while the people are sleeping; you will enter Paradise with salaam.”

[al-Tirmidhi #2485, Sahih. And ibn Maajah also collected it (#1334). Al-Haakim graded it as sahih according to the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim (3/13, and 4/160), and al-Dhabahi agreed.]

Imam al-Mubarakfoori wrote in explanation of this hadith:

–  ‏(‏عن عبد الله بن سلام‏)‏ بالتخفيف الإسرائيل هو أبو يوسف حليف بني الخزرج قيل كان اسمه الحسين فسماه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عبد الله مشهور مات بالمدينة سنة ثلاث وأربعين …

‏(‏يا أيها الناس‏)‏ خطاب العام بكلمات جامعة للمعاملة مع الخلق والحق ‏(‏أفشوا السلام‏)‏ أي أظهروه وأكثروه على من تعرفونه وعلى من لا تعرفونه ‏(‏وأطعموا الطعام‏)‏ أي لنحو المساكين والأيتام ‏(‏وصلوا‏)‏ أي بالليل ‏(‏والناس نيام‏)‏ لأنه وقت الغفلة فلأرباب الحضور مزيد المثوبة أو لبعده عن الرياء والسمعة ‏(‏تدخلوا الجنة بسلام‏)‏ أي من الله أو من ملائكته من مكروه أو تعب ومشقة‏.‏

‘Abdullah ibn Salaam narrates” -one of the Children of Israa’eel- and he is Abu Yusuf, the ally of the Banu Khazraj. It is said that his name was Husain, so the Messenger of Allah called him ‘Abdullah. It is well known that he died in al-Madinah in the year 43 after the Hijrah…

O People!” – this is a general speech with comprehensive words for the people, delivered with elegance and truth. “Spread the Salaam” – meaning announce it openly and increase in doing so towards both those whom you recognize and those whom you do not recognize. “And feed (others)” – such as the poor people and the orphans. “And pray” – meaning at night – “while the people are sleeping” – because that is a time of heedlessness, so there is an increased reward for those who have mastered this habit, or those who seek to distance themselves from al-riyaa’ (showing-off) and gaining a reputation. “You will enter Paradise with salaam” – meaning (safety and protection) from Allah or from the angels against any harm or fatigue or discomfort.

[Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi #2534]

See also: Speak well, feed others, fast regularly and pray while the people are sleeping

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One thought on “When the Prophet (ﷺ) arrived in al-Madinah

  1. Pingback: Speak well, feed others, fast regularly, and pray while the people are sleeping | Tulayhah

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