Recite the Book with its true recitation

Allah, the Exalted, says in His Book:

‏الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِ أُولَئِكَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِهِ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

“Those to whom We have given the Book recite it with its true recitation. They are the ones who believe in it. And whoever disbelieves in it – it is they who are the losers.” [2:121]

Imam al-Sa’di, in his tafsir, writes:

يخبر تعالى أن الذين آتاهم الكتاب‏,‏ ومنَّ عليهم به منة مطلقة‏,‏ أنهم (‏يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِ‏)‏ أي‏:‏ يتبعونه حق اتباعه‏,‏ والتلاوة‏:‏ الاتباع، فيحلون حلاله‏,‏ ويحرمون حرامه‏,‏ ويعملون بمحكمه‏,‏ ويؤمنون بمتشابهه، وهؤلاء هم السعداء من أهل الكتاب‏,‏ الذين عرفوا نعمة الله وشكروها‏,‏ وآمنوا بكل الرسل‏,‏ ولم يفرقوا بين أحد منهم‏.‏ فهؤلاء‏,‏ هم المؤمنون حقا‏,‏ لا من قال منهم‏:‏ ‏(‏نؤمن بما أنزل علينا ويكفرون بما وراءه‏)‏

Allah, the Exalted, informs us that those who were given the Book, and it was a generous gift which which bestowed on them, that they, “They recite it with its true recital” – meaning they follow it with true adherence. And tilaawah (recitation) means adherence (to the revelation from Allah), and regarding the halaal as halaal, and regarding the haraam as haraamand to act according to its rulings, and to believe in its mutashaabihat [see Qur’an 3:7]. And these are the happy ones from ahl al-Kitaab; those who recognize the blessings of Allah and are grateful for them, and believe in every messenger, and they never make any distinction between them. And these are the true believers, not like those who say, “‘We believe [only] in what was revealed to us.’ And they disbelieve in what came after it“[2:91]

[Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman, p. 65]

And Imam al-Qurtubi, in his tafsir, writes:

قوله تعالى: (الَّذِينَ آتَيْناهُمُ الْكِتابَ) قال قتادة: هم أصحاب النبي صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، والكتاب على هذا التأويل القرآن.

Allah said, “Those to whom We have given the Book“. Qataada said, “they are the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ)”, and the book, according to this interpretation, is the Qur’an.

وقال ابن زيد: هم من أسلم من بني إسرائيل. والكتاب على هذا التأويل: التوراة، والآية تعم.

And Ibn Zaid said, “They are those from the Children of Israel who entered into Islam.” And the book, according to this interpretation, is the tawrah (Torah), and its signs…

واختلف في معنى: (يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلاوَتِهِ) فقيل: يتبعونه حق اتباعه، باتباع الامر والنهي، فيحللون حلاله، ويحرمون حرامه، ويعملون بما تضمنه، قاله عكرمة. قال عكرمة: أما سمعت قول الله تعالى: (وَالْقَمَرِ إِذا تَلاها) أي أتبعها، وهو معنى قول ابن عباس وابن مسعود رضي الله عنهما

And there is a difference of opinion about the meaning of “they recite it with its true recitation“. So it is said, “they follow it with true adherence, following its commands and prohibitions, so that they consider halaal what it decrees halaal, and they consider haraam what it considers as haraam, and they act according to what it contains.” ‘Ikrimah said this. ‘Ikrimah said, “Have you not heard the statement of Allah the Exalted, ‘And by the moon when it talaaha’- meaning when it follows it [91:2].” And this meaning was also conveyed by Ibn ‘Abbaas and Ibn Mas’ood (May Allah be pleased with both of them).

وروى نصر بن عيسى عن مالك عن نافع عن ابن عمر عن النبي صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ في قوله تعالى: {يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلاوَتِهِ} قال: يتبعونه حق اتباعه. في إسناده غير واحد من المجهولين فيما ذكر الخطيب أبو بكر أحمد، إلا أن معناه صحيح.

And it is related from ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said about the ayahthey recite it with its true recitation“- “they follow it with a true adherence.” The isnad has some weakness, but the meaning is meaning is sahih.

وقال أبو موسى الأشعري: من يتبع القرآن يهبط به على رياض الجنة. وعن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه: هم الذين إذا مروا بآية رحمة سألوها من الله، وإذا مروا بآية عذاب استعاذوا منها. وقد روي هذا المعنى عن النبي صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: كان إذا مر بآية رحمة سأل، وإذا مر بآية عذاب تعوذ.

And Abu Moosa al-‘Ashari said, “Whoever follows the Qur’an, then he descends with it on the gardens of Paradise.” And ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (May Allah be pleased with him) said, “They are those who, when they come across an ayah speaking of Rahmah (mercy), they ask Allah for that, and when the come across an ayah of punishment, they seek refuge from that. And this meaning has been narrated about the Prophet (ﷺ) that “when he came across an ayah of Rahmah, he asked, and when he came across an ayah of punishment, he sought refuge.” [al-Nasa’i #1009, Sahih]

وقال الحسن: هم الذين يعملون بمحكمه، ويؤمنون بمتشابهه، ويكلون ما أشكل عليهم إلى عالمه

And Hasan al-Basri said, “They are those who act according to its rulings, and believe in its mutashaabihat [see Qur’an 3:7], and they refer back to those who know about that which confuses them.”

وقيل: يقرءونه حق قراءته . قلت: وهذا فيه بعد، إلا أن يكون المعنى يرتلون ألفاظه، ويفهمون معانيه، فإن بفهم المعاني يكون الاتباع لمن وفق

And it is said that it means, “read with a true reading”. I (Imam al-Qurtubi) say, “this meaning has already preceded, except for the implication therein to carefully recite with proper pronunciation and enunciation, and to understand its meanings. And if this is the intended meaning, the it is in agreement with (the previously provided meaning of) adherence.

[Jaami’ al-Ahkam al-Qur’an 3/91-92]

See also: Tafsir al-Sa’di on the objective of revealing the Qur’an and its benefits

See also: “The best of you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it”: Ibn Kathir

See also: The Two Types of those who Believe in the Qur’an: Imam al-Sa’di

See also: Which is more virtuous: reading a small amount of the Qur’an with tarteel and contemplation, or a large amount quickly? – Ibn al-Qayyim

See also: Which is more virtuous – memorizing the Qur’an, or seeking ‘ilm? : Ibn Taymiyah

See also: Naseehah to the Qur’an: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan

See also: A Note on the Different Qiraa’aat: Sheikh bin Baaz

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8 thoughts on “Recite the Book with its true recitation

  1. Pingback: Tafsir al-Sa’di on the objective of revealing the Qur’an and its benefits | Tulayhah

  2. Pingback: “The best of you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it”: ibn Kathir | Tulayhah

  3. Pingback: Which is more virtuous – memorizing the Qur’an, or seeking ‘ilm? : Ibn Taymiyah | Tulayhah

  4. Pingback: Which is more virtuous: reading a small amount of the Qur’an with tarteel and contemplation, or a large amount quickly? – Ibn al-Qayyim | Tulayhah

  5. Pingback: A Note on the Different Qiraa’aat: Sheikh bin Baaz | Tulayhah

  6. Pingback: The Two Types of those who Believe in the Qur’an: Imam al-Sa’di | Tulayhah

  7. Pingback: Naseehah to the Qur’an: Sheikh Saalih al-Fawzan | Tulayhah

  8. Pingback: How to benefit from reading the Qur’an during Ramadan: Sheikh Muhammad Bazmool | Tulayhah

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