“Hijrah is to abandon indecent behavior”

Imam Ahmad narrates in his musnad from al-Farazdaq ibn Hibban that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said:

جاء رجل من قومكما أعرابي جاف جريء فقال يا رسول الله أين الهجرة إليك حيثما كنت أم إلى أرض معلومة أم لقوم خاصة أم إذا مت انقطعت قال فسكت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ساعة ثم قال أين السائل عن الهجرة قال ها أنا ذا يا رسول الله قال إذا أقمت الصلاة وآتيت الزكاة فأنت مهاجر وإن مت بالحضرمي (قال يعني أرضا باليمامة

A man from your tribe came to the Prophet (ﷺ), a coarse, impolite bedouin, and he said: “O Messenger of Allah, where does migration to you consist in going?  Is it to you wherever you are, or to a specific place, or to a particular people, or does it cease when you die?”

The Prophet stayed silent a long time.  Then he said: “Where is the man who asked about migration?”  The bedouin said: “Here I am, O Messenger of Allah.”  The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “When you establish the prayer and pay the zakah, you are a muhaajir (emigrant), even if you die in Hadrami [a place in Yemen; i.e. very far away from me and the main body of the Muslims].”

And in another narration:

 الهجرة أن تهجر الفواحش ما ظهر منها وما بطن وتقيم الصلاة وتؤتي الزكاة فأنت مهاجر

“Hijrah is to abandon indecent behavior – what is apparent of them and what is concealed – and to establish the salaah and pay the zakah: that is what makes you a muhaajir.”

[Majmu’ al-Zawaa’id #9288-9289, Hasan]

And this is similar to what Allah has said in His Book:

قُلْ إِنَّمَا حَرَّ‌مَ رَ‌بِّيَ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ‌ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَالْإِثْمَ وَالْبَغْيَ بِغَيْرِ‌ الْحَقِّ وَأَن تُشْرِ‌كُوا بِاللَّـهِ مَا لَمْ يُنَزِّلْ بِهِ سُلْطَانًا وَأَن تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّـهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

“Say, “My Lord has only forbidden indecent behavior – what is apparent of them and what is concealed – and sin, and oppression without right, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down authority, and that you say about Allah that which you do not know.”” [7:33]

And Abu Huraira narrates that:

أَتَى نَفَرٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَادِيَةِ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالُوا : يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ، إِنَّ أَهْلَ قُرَانَا زَعَمُوا أَنَّهُ لا يَنْفَعُ عَمَلٌ دُونَ الْهِجْرَةِ وَالْجِهَادِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : ” حَيْثُ مَا كُنْتُمْ فَأَحْسَنْتُمْ عِبَادَةَ اللَّهِ فَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ ” .

A man from the desert-dwellers came to the Messenger of Allah and said, “O Messenger of Allah! Some of the people of the Qur’an claim that deeds do not bring any benefit without hijrah and jihaad in the path of Allah.” So the Messenger of Allah said, “Wherever you may be, perfect your worship of Allah – then receive the glad tidings of Paradise.

[al-Saheehah #3146, Al-Albaani graded it as hasan]

See also: The best migration is migrating from what your Lord – ‘Azza wa Jal – hates/dislikes

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One thought on ““Hijrah is to abandon indecent behavior”

  1. Pingback: The best migration is migrating from what your Lord – ‘Azza wa Jal – hates/dislikes | Tulayhah

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